Volume 9 Supplement 1

The fallacy of coverage: uncovering disparities to improve immunization rates through evidence. The Canadian International Immunization Initiative Phase 2 (CIII2) Operational Research Grants

Research

Edited by Sharmila Mhatre and Anne-Marie Schryer-Roy

The research presented in this supplement was supported by the Global Health Research Initiative (GHRI),with funding from the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) as part of the Canadian International Immunization Initiative Phase 2 (CIII2). The International Development Research Centre's Governance, Equity and Health program initiative provided the technical oversight for the CIII2 Operational Research Grants and for the creation of this supplement.

  1. Introduction

    The fallacy of coverage: uncovering disparities to improve immunization rates through evidence. Results from the Canadian International Immunization Initiative Phase 2 - Operational Research Grants

    Immunization can and does save lives. However, the presence of vaccines does not easily translate into every child being vaccinated, and this is what the studies in this journal supplement reveal. From South A...

    Sharmila L Mhatre and Anne-Marie Schryer-Roy

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S1

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  2. Opinion

    Global immunization: status, progress, challenges and future

    Vaccines have made a major contribution to public health, including the eradication of one deadly disease, small pox, and the near eradication of another, poliomyelitis.Through the introduction of new vaccines...

    Philippe Duclos, Jean-Marie Okwo-Bele, Marta Gacic-Dobo and Thomas Cherian

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S2

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  3. Research

    Gender inequity and age-appropriate immunization coverage in India from 1992 to 2006

    A variety of studies have considered the affects of India's son preference on gender differences in child mortality, sex ratio at birth, and access to health services. Less research has focused on the affects ...

    Daniel J Corsi, Diego G Bassani, Rajesh Kumar, Shally Awasthi, Raju Jotkar, Navkiran Kaur and Prabhat Jha

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  4. Research

    One size does not fit all: local determinants of measles vaccination in four districts of Pakistan

    Rates of childhood vaccination in Pakistan remain low.There is continuing debate about the role of consumer and service factors in determining levels of vaccination in developing countries.

    Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson, Khalid Omer, Noor M Ansari, Amir Khan, Ubaid Ullah Chaudhry and Umaira Ansari

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  5. Research

    Equity and vaccine uptake: a cross-sectional study of measles vaccination in Lasbela District, Pakistan

    Achieving equity means increased uptake of health services for those who need it most. But the poorest families continue to have the poorest service. In Pakistan, large numbers of children do not access vaccin...

    Steven Mitchell, Neil Andersson, Noor Mohammad Ansari, Khalid Omer, José Legorreta Soberanis and Anne Cockcroft

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  6. Research

    Evidence-based discussion increases childhood vaccination uptake: a randomised cluster controlled trial of knowledge translation in Pakistan

    Childhood vaccination rates are low in Lasbela, one of the poorest districts in Pakistan's Balochistan province. This randomised cluster controlled trial tested the effect on uptake of informed discussion of v...

    Neil Andersson, Anne Cockcroft, Noor M Ansari, Khalid Omer, Manzoor Baloch, Ari Ho Foster, Bev Shea, George A Wells and José Legorreta Soberanis

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S8

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  7. Research

    Portrait of a lengthy vaccination trajectory in Burkina Faso: from cultural acceptance of vaccines to actual immunization

    The global recognition of vaccination is strongly related to the fact that it has proved in the past able to dramatically reduce the incidence of certain diseases. Nevertheless, reactions regarding the practic...

    Marylène Dugas, Eric Dubé, Bocar Kouyaté, Aboubakary Sanou and Gilles Bibeau

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S9

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  8. Research

    Assessment of factors associated with complete immunization coverage in children aged 12-23 months: a cross-sectional study in Nouna district, Burkina Faso

    The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) is still in need of improvement. In Burkina Faso in 2003, for example, the Nouna health district had an immunization coverage rate of 31.5%, compared to the national ...

    Aboubakary Sanou, Seraphin Simboro, Bocar Kouyaté, Marylène Dugas, Janice Graham and Gilles Bibeau

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S10

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  9. Research

    The role of supportive supervision on immunization program outcome - a randomized field trial from Georgia

    One of the most common barriers to improving immunization coverage rates is human resources and its management. In the Republic of Georgia, a country where widespread health care reforms have taken place over ...

    Mamuka Djibuti, George Gotsadze, Akaki Zoidze, George Mataradze, Laura C Esmail and Jillian Clare Kohler

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S11

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  10. Research

    Monitoring the performance of the Expanded Program on Immunization: the case of Burkina Faso

    The greatest challenge facing expanded programs on immunization in general, and in Burkina Faso in particular, lies in their capacity to achieve and sustain levels of immunization coverage that will ensure eff...

    Abel Bicaba, Slim Haddad, Moussa Kabore, Emile Taminy, Marta Feletto and Pierre Fournier

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S12

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  11. Research

    Evaluation of immunization coverage within the Expanded Program on Immunization in Kita Circle, Mali: a cross-sectional survey

    In 1986, the Government of Mali launched its Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) with the goal of vaccinating, within five years, 80% of all children under the age of five against six target diseases: dipht...

    Abdel Karim Koumaré, Drissa Traore, Fatouma Haidara, Filifing Sissoko, Issa Traoré, Sékou Dramé, Karim Sangaré, Karim Diakité, Bréhima Coulibaly, Birama Togola and Aguissa Maïga

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S13

    Published on: 14 October 2009

  12. Research

    System-level determinants of immunization coverage disparities among health districts in Burkina Faso: a multiple case study

    Despite rapid and tangible progress in vaccine coverage and in premature mortality rates registered in sub-Saharan Africa, inequities to access remain firmly entrenched, large pockets of low vaccination covera...

    Slim Haddad, Abel Bicaba, Marta Feletto, Elie Taminy, Moussa Kabore, Boubacar Ouédraogo, Gisèle Contreras, Renée Larocque and Pierre Fournier

    BMC International Health and Human Rights 2009 9(Suppl 1):S15

    Published on: 14 October 2009