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Table 4 Final multivariate models of variables associated with testing uptake by country* (Adjusted OR and cluster adjusted confidence intervals)

From: Equity in HIV testing: evidence from a cross-sectional study in ten Southern African countries

Botswana Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Male sex 0.70 0.56-0.87
Choice-disabled for condom use 0.58 0.34-0.99
Learned about HIV/AIDS from church 1.35 1.04-1.76
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 2.84 1.68-4.82
Learned about HIV/AIDS from family 1.59 1.16-2.19
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.46 1.09-1.94
Lesotho Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials 1.49 1.06-2.11
Learned about HIV/AIDS from church 1.46 1.04-2.04
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 2.06 1.27-3.34
Learned about HIV/AIDS from family 1.48 1.07-2.05
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.77 1.27-2.46
Feels telling people you are HIV positive helps 1.58 1.21-2.06
Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer 1.88 1.39-2.56
Malawi Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
16 - 39 years of age 1.78 1.27-2.49
Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials 1.87 1.46-2.39
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 2.25 1.19-4.24
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.60 1.14-2.25
Mozambique Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
16 - 39 years of age 1.67 1.13-2.47
Male sex 0.63 0.50-0.80
Secondary education or above 1.63 1.17-2.27
Learned about HIV/AIDS from television 1.73 1.25-2.40
Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials 1.42 1.06-1.91
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/heath centre 1.99 1.27-3.12
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.81 1.35-2.44
Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer 1.78 1.22-2.60
Namibia Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Male sex 0.56 0.45-0.69
Learned about HIV/AIDS from television 1.51 1.18-1.94
Learned about HIV/AIDS from church 1.35 1.06-1.73
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/heath centre 1.77 1.11-2.83
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.78 1.49-2.14
South Africa Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 2.45 1.57-3.82
Learned about HIV/AIDS from family 1.73 1.21-2.48
Swaziland Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Male sex 0.49 0.35-0.70
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 3.39 2.00-5.72
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.48 1.16-1.90
Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer 1.91 1.32-2.75
Experienced partner violence 1.61 1.08-2.40
Tanzania Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Secondary education or above 1.29 1.04-1.62
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 2.00 1.49-2.69
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.56 1.12-2.15
Would tell someone if they were HIV positive 1.55 1.06-2.28
Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer 1.60 1.15-2.24
Zambia Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Male sex 0.50 0.39-0.64
Learned about HIV/AIDS from print materials 1.59 1.21-2.09
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 1.87 1.27-2.76
Would tell someone if they were HIV positive 1.82 1.21-2.74
Knows that ARVs can help a person live longer 1.81 1.24-2.63
Zimbabwe Adjusted OR 99%CIca for Adjusted OR
Male sex 0.70 0.55-0.88
Secondary education or above 1.55 1.20-1.99
Learned about HIV/AIDS from clinic/health centre 1.83 1.28-2.63
Talked often to others about HIV/AIDS 1.57 1.23-1.99
  1. *variables in initial models: age, sex, education level, household income, urban/rural location, food security, condom use with non-regular partner, number of partners in the last year, condom choice-disability, experience of partner violence, feeling at risk for HIV, sources of information about HIV, discussing HIV/AIDS, would tell someone if they knew they were HIV positive, feeling HIV/AIDS is punishment for sinning, thinking those with HIV/AIDS should live apart from others, feeling that telling others you are HIV positive does not help, and knowledge that an HIV infected person live longer when taking ARVs