Skip to main content

Table 2 Documented 11 studies reviews (from the 9 selected articles) on disasters and measles outbreaks in displaced populations, 1979--2005

From: Measles outbreaks in displaced populations: a review of transmission, morbidity and mortality associated factors

Countries, type of displaced population/Reference Type of disaster/Year Total displaced populations Documentation surveillance approach AR (Case/Pop. at Risk) CFR (Death/Cases) Documentation on laboratory confirmation Documentation on malnutrition
Cambodian refugees in Thailand[37] Conflict 1979--1980 Average: 53666
(Pop. in camp)
Not described (161/924) 17.4% (10/161)
6.2%
No Yes
Ethiopian refugees in Wad Kowli (Sudan) [20] Conflict + Famine 1985 85000
(Pop. in camp)
Not described (2639/85000) 3.1% (855/2639)
32.4%
Not described Yes
Mozambican refugees in Malawi [7] Conflict 1988--1989 78568
(Pop. in camp)
Passive surveillance (744/78568) 0.95% (103/744)
13.8%
Not described No
Vietnamese refugees in Hong Kong [8] Conflict 1991--1992 7017
(Pop. in camp)
Passive surveillance (262/1026)
25.5%
(2/262)
0.76%
Not described Yes
Burundian refugees in Tanzania [11] Conflict 2000--2001 170500
(pop. in camp)
Passive surveillance + Active case findings (1062/170500) 0.62% (0/1062)
0.0%
Yes No
Turkmen + Uzbek refugees in Afghanistan [4] Conflict 2000--2001 115000
(Pop. in camp)
Not described (80/22000) 0.36% (12/80)
15.0%
Yes Yes
IDP's in White Nile state (Sudan) [56] Conflict 2003--2004 91000
(Total Pop. of administrative unit)
Active case findings (621/91000)
0.68%
(8/621)
1.3%
Yes Yes
IDP's in Khartoum (Sudan)[56] Conflict 2003--2004 75000
(Pop. in administrative unit)
Active case findings (523/75000)
0.69%
(2/523)
0.4%
Yes Yes
IPD's in North Darfur (Sudan) [47] Conflict 2004 657774
(Pop. in targeted zone)
Passive surveillance (521/512058) 0.10% (88/521)
16.9%
Yes Yes
IDP's in West Darfur (Sudan) [47] Conflict 2004 688984
(Pop. in targeted zone)
Passive surveillance (204/461619) 0.04% (20/204)
9.8%
Yes Yes
IDP's in Tamil Nadu (India) [3] Tsunami 2004--2005 53104
(Total Pop. in the affected villages)
Passive surveillance + Active case findings (71/53104) 0.13% (0/71)
0.0%
Yes No
  1. IDP's = internally displaced persons AR = attack rate CFR = case-fatality rate