Skip to main content

Table 1 Child and caregiver characteristics of the POFO sample

From: Child work and labour among orphaned and abandoned children in five low and middle income countries

  CHILD CHARACTERISTICS (n = 1,473)  
(categorical)    
  Number Percent Missing
Gender    0
   Male 772 52.4  
   Female 701 47.6  
Age    0
   6-7 years 384 26.1  
   8-10 years 754 51.2  
   11-12 years 335 22.7  
Relation to caregiver    0
   Biological child 813 55.2  
   Other relative 635 43.1  
   Non-relative 25 1.7  
Health    19
   Very good, good 928 63.8  
   Good 408 28.1  
   Poor, very poor 118 8.1  
Work/Labour status    7
   Any Work 890 60.7  
   No Work 576 39.3  
Categorized hours worked    0
   <21 hours per week 618 70.8  
   21-27 hours per week 100 11.5  
   28 + hours per week 155 17.8  
   UNICEF child labour* 191 21.9  
Education    
   Yes 1361 94.0  
   No 86 5.9  
CAREGIVER CHARACTERISTICS (n = 1464)  
(categorical)    
  Number Percent Missing
Gender    4
   Male 215 14.7  
   Female 1245 85.3  
Age    61
   <18 years 10 0.7  
   18-35 years 510 36.4  
   36-55 years 629 44.8  
   56 + years 254 18.1  
Marital status    5
   Married 385 26.4  
   Widowed 894 61.3  
   Never married & Other 180 12.3  
Health    20
   Very good, good 678 47.0  
   Fair 479 33.2  
   Poor, very poor 287 19.9  
Earn an income    10
   Yes 1033 71.1  
   No 421 29.0  
(continuous) Mean (sd) Range  
Age (in years) 42.5 (13.6) 11 to 89  
Education (in years) 5.3 (4.3) 0 to 18  
Children cared for (number) 2.8 (2.1) 0 to 19  
  1. * The UNICEF child labour variable includes = (work 28 or more hours per week) + (any youth <12 years of age working any number of hours for pay) + (any youth 12+ years of age or older working 14 or more hours per week for pay). The POFO dataset does not identify hazardous work, therefore potentially misses some children engaged in child labour.