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Table 2 Summary of governance elements as addressed in selected contemporary health literature

From: An approach to addressing governance from a health system framework perspective

Governance element Reference
  WHO 2007 Islam 2007 Siddiqi et al. 2009 Lewis & Pettersson 2009
Accountability
Effectiveness/efficiency     
Equity     
Ethics     
Existence of standards    
Incentives   
Information/Intelligence
Participation/collaboration  
Policy/System Design   
Regulation   
Responsiveness    
Rule of Law     
Transparency
Vision/Direction    
  1. Key: indicates the governance element is identified as an discrete element
  2. indicates the governance element is mentioned in context of other elements