Skip to main content

Table 4 Effect of integrated school based de-worming and prompt malaria treatment on helminths -Plasmodium co-infections among 420 primary schoolchildren successfully followed up over 33 months in Burma Valley farming area, Zimbabwe

From: Efficacy of integrated school based de-worming and prompt malaria treatment on helminths -Plasmodium falciparum co-infections: A 33 months follow up study

Co-infection combinations Prevalence (95%CI)
  Baseline 6 months 12 months 33 months Overall (%) reduction
Not infected 21.4 (17.6-26.7) 65.2 (60.5-69.8) 70.0 (65.4-74.3) 49.0 (44.2-53.9) -
Schistosomiasis 31.7 (27.2-36.4) 5.5 (3.5-8.1) 11.0 (8.1-14.3) 27.6 (23.4-32.2) 3.9
STHs 5.7 (3.7-8.4) 5.5 (3.5-8.1) 3.6 (2.0-5.8) 4.5 (2.7-7.0) 6.3
P. f 8.1 (5.7-11.1) 10.5 (7.7-13.8) 9.0 (6.5-12.2) 4.0 (2.4-6.4) 40.9
Schisto + STHs 12.9 (9.8-16.4) 3.6 (2.0-5.8) 3.8 (2.2-6.1) 10.7 (7.9-14.1) 17.1
P. f + schisto 13.1 (10.0-16.7) 1.2 (0.4-2.8) 1.9 (0.8-3.7) 2.6 (1.3-4.6) 73.7
P. f + STHs 1.4 (0.5-3.1) 1.0 (0.3-2.4) 0.2 (0.0-1.3) 0.5 (0.1-1.7) 63.6
P. f + STHs + schisto 5.7 (3.7-8.4) 0.2 (0.0-1.3) 0.5 (0.0-1.7) 1.0 (0.3-2.4) 76.4
  1. The rural area was left out in this analysis because there were no mixed infections observed over the period of the study.
  2. Key: Schisto = schistosomiasis, P. f = P. falciparum, STHs = soil transmitted helminths