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Table 4 Factors associated with HIV infection among youths (Crude & adjusted OR) in Gamo-Gofa, South West Ethiopia, 2012

From: Association of Khat and alcohol use with HIV infection and age at first sexual initiation among youths visiting HIV testing and counseling centers in Gamo-Gofa Zone, South West Ethiopia

Explanatory variable HIV sero-status Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
  HIV positive HIV negative    
Age      0.012
15–19 13 98 1.00 1.00
20–24 91 203 3.379(1.801, 6.340) 2.892(1.266, 6.607)
Sex      0.032
Male 39 147 1.00 1.00
Female 65 154 1.591(1.008, 2.512) 2.013(1.061, 3.822)
Education level      0.002
No Education 30 29 4.589(2.548, 8.265) 3.193(1.523, 6.695)
Primary education 19 28 3.010(1.569, 5.777) 3.160 (1.351, 7.388)
Secondary & above 55 244 1.00 1.00
Marital status      0.002
Never married 43 233 1.00 1.00
Married/living together 42 57 3.993(2.387, 6.679) 2.544(1.278, 5.065)
Divorced/separated/ widowed 19 11 9.359(4.161, 21.054) 5.303(1.922, 14.634)
Alcohol use      <0.001
Yes 50 53 2.736(1.655, 4.523) 5.883(3.034, 11.408)
No 50 145 1.00 1.00