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Table 2 Fixed- and random-intercept parts of multilevel logistic regression of childhood sexual abuse

From: Social disorganization and history of child sexual abuse against girls in sub-Saharan Africa: a multilevel analysis

  Empty modela Full modelb  
Measures of association    
Individual-level   OR (95% CI) p-value
Country    
  Liberia   0.45 (0.16, 1.33) 0.149
  Uganda   0.44 (0.21, 0.90) 0.025
  Nigeria   1 (reference)  
  Ghana   1.62 (0.96, 2.74) 0.068
  Zimbabwe   1.71 (1.14, 2.57) 0.009
  Zambia   2.48 (1.53, 4.02) 0.001
Marital Status    
  Never married   1 (reference)  
  Currently married   2.03 (1.29, 3.19) 0.002
  Formerly married   5.97 (2.55, 13.94) 0.001
Education    
  No education   0.16 (0.07, 0.39) 0.001
  Primary   0.84 (0.58, 1.21) 0.349
  Secondary or higher   1 (reference)  
Occupation    
  Not working   1 (reference)  
  Working   2.05 (1.48, 2.83) 0.001
Wealth status    
  Poorest   1.50 (0.70, 3.23) 0.297
  Poorer   1.00 (0.51, 1.96) 0.998
  Middle   0.82 (0.44, 1.55) 0.548
  Richer   1.07 (0.61, 1.89) 0.807
  Richest   1 (reference)  
Community-level    
  Average household size   0.94 (0.88, 1.01) 0.091
  Ethnic diversity   0.90 (0.57, 1.40) 0.629
Poverty rate   0.96 (0.61, 1.51) 0.861
Family disruption   1.57 (1.14, 2.16) 0.006
Urban (versus rural)   0.82 (0.51, 1.32) 0.413
Residential instability   1 (reference)  
Measures of variation    
Community-level    
  Variance (SE) 0.74 (0.31) 0.33 (0.27)  
  ICC (%) 18.3 9.1  
  Explained variation (%) Reference 54.1  
  1. aEmpty model – no explanatory variables.
  2. bFull model 2 – Adjusted for control-, individual- and community-level factors.
  3. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI confidence intervals, SE standard error, ICC intra-community correlation.