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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression results on myths and misconceptions about TB transmission in Ghana

From: Myths and misconceptions about tuberculosis transmission in Ghana

  Males Females
  Model 1 95% CI Model 2 95% CI Model 3 95% CI Model 4 95% CI
  Odds ratio   Adjusted odds ratio   Odds ratio   Adjusted odds ratio  
Regiona         
Western 0.483*** [0.357,0.653] 0.448*** [0.291,0.689] 1.796** [1.222,2.639] 1.775** [1.205,2.616]
Greater Accra 0.290*** [0.215,0.389] 0.257*** [0.166,0.397] 1.078 [0.718,1.617] 1.038 [0.651,1.656]
Volta 0.639** [0.472,0.865] 0.613* [0.398,0.945] 1.244 [0.816,1.897] 1.475 [0.890,2.444]
Eastern 0.508*** [0.376,0.685] 0.498** [0.319,0.776] 0.723 [0.487,1.072] 0.672 [0.437,1.034]
Ashanti 0.447*** [0.338,0.592] 0.436** [0.261,0.730] 1.109 [0.744,1.652] 1.090 [0.719,1.653]
Brong-Ahafo 0.282*** [0.202,0.393] 0.289*** [0.190,0.438] 0.685 [0.438,1.071] 0.753 [0.485,1.168]
Northern 0.202*** [0.147,0.278] 0.232*** [0.138,0.390] 0.319*** [0.200,0.509] 0.562* [0.340,0.928]
Upper East 0.364*** [0.263,0.503] 0.414** [0.239,0.717] 0.172*** [0.105,0.283] 0.308*** [0.171,0.556]
Upper West 0.973 [0.723,1.310] 1.152 [0.672,1.976] 0.238*** [0.151,0.374] 0.408*** [0.240,0.692]
Residenceb         
Rural    0.983 [0.756,1.280]    1.122 [0.859,1.466]
Religionc         
Orthodox    1.222 [0.962,1.551]    1.032 [0.764,1.394]
Pentecostal/Charismatic   1.193 [0.938,1.516]    1.200 [0.895,1.610]
Moslem    0.997 [0.719,1.383]    1.314 [0.931,1.856]
Ethnicityd         
Akan    0.764* [0.586,0.997]    1.537** [1.143,2.066]
Ga-Dangme    0.544** [0.365,0.812]    1.538* [1.031,2.294]
Ewe    0.840 [0.615,1.145]    1.299 [0.877,1.926]
Mole-Dagbani    0.925 [0.672,1.272]    1.056 [0.764,1.459]
Educatione         
Primary    1.406** [1.106,1.788]    1.211 [0.972,1.509]
Secondary & higher    1.678*** [1.340,2.102]    1.390** [1.102,1.754]
Wealth indexf         
Middle    1.046 [0.813,1.344]    1.211 [0.957,1.533]
Richer/richest    1.024 [0.772,1.358]    1.128 [0.857,1.485]
Marital statusg         
Married    0.994 [0.789,1.252]    0.959 [0.769,1.197]
Never married    1.098 [0.765,1.576]    1.177 [0.872,1.589]
Age cohorth         
20-24    1.310* [1.042,1.648]    1.153 [0.904,1.470]
25-29    1.648*** [1.275,2.129]    1.807*** [1.363,2.396]
30-34    1.873*** [1.374,2.553]    2.234*** [1.652,3.022]
35-39    2.430*** [1.780,3.318]    2.518*** [1.888,3.359]
40-44    2.981*** [2.164,4.107]    2.894*** [2.078,4.030]
45-49    2.729*** [1.950,3.819]    2.950*** [2.087,4.171]
50-54    3.172*** [2.212,4.548]   
55-59    2.410*** [1.600,3.629]   
Print mediai         
Moderate    1.145 [0.960,1.365]    1.004 [0.830,1.215]
High exposure    1.194 [0.905,1.575]    1.842** [1.202,2.821]
Radioj         
Moderate    1.640** [1.169,2.302]    1.556*** [1.217,1.988]
High exposure    1.477* [1.041,2.094]    1.713*** [1.341,2.187]
Televisionk         
Moderate    0.917 [0.735,1.145]    1.090 [0.906,1.311]
High    1.001 [0.785,1.276]    1.052 [0.854,1.296]
_Cons 1.182 [0.937,1.490] 0.301*** [0.161,0.562] 0.583*** [0.428,0.794] 0.0808*** [0.0439,0.149]
Log lik. -2838.3   -2724.9   -2854.6   -2724.9  
Chi-squared 228.8   306.9   207.8   436.8  
N 4568   4537   4916   4895  
  1. * p?<?0.05, ** p?<?0.01, *** p?<?0.001.
  2. Base categories: Region (Central) a ; Type of place of residence (Urban) b ; Religion (Traditional/None) c ; Ethnicity (Others) d ; Education (No formal) e ; Wealth (Poor/Poorest) f ; Age (15–19) g ; Marital status (Never married) h ; Print media (No exposure) i ; Radio (No exposure) j ; Television (No exposure) k.