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Table 2 Community practices and perspectives related to cord care

From: Umbilical cord care in Ethiopia and implications for behavioral change: a qualitative study

Practices and perspectives Oromia Amhara Tigray Sidama
Length of cord cut 1 or 2 finger joints, 1 whole finger 1 or 2 finger joints 1 or 2 finger joints, 1 whole finger 1 or 2 finger joints, 1 whole finger
Cord cutting in relation to delivery of placenta Before delivery of placenta Before delivery of placenta Before delivery of placenta Before or after delivery of the placenta
Cord tying On the side of baby On the side of the placenta On both sides of cut On the side of baby or not tied
Reasons for cord tying Stem blood flow, Ensure survival of baby and mother, Prevent air from entering baby Stem blood flow, Facilitate delivery of placenta Stem blood flow, Ensure survival of baby and mother, Prevent placenta from returning, Culture Stem blood flow
Substances applied on cord Butter, Petroleum jelly, Hair lotion Butter, Nothing Butter Petroleum jelly, Hair lotion, Nothing
Timing of application After cutting cord 2nd or 3rd day After cutting cord 2nd or 3rd day
Reasons for application Soften the cord, Promote cord separation Soften the cord, Prevent sores, Promote healing, Promote cord separation Soften the cord, Prevent sores, Promote healing Prevent sores, Promote healing, Promote cord separation
Reasons for delaying or avoiding application Advice from HW, Cord is moist on 1st & 2nd day Unnecessary, Custom, Advice from HW, Cord is moist on 1st & 2nd day N/A Custom