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Table 4 Individual characteristics of participating children (10-18 years) living in enrolled households (N = 1481)

From: The government of Kenya cash transfer for orphaned and vulnerable children: cross-sectional comparison of household and individual characteristics of those with and without

  CT DSL SSL P-Value
N = 503 N = 522 N = 456
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Age in years (median, IQR) 10.3 (5.9-14.1) 10.8 (6.6-14.6) 10.0 (6.7-13.7) 0.328
Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Gender
Male 231 (45.9) 269 (51.5) 235 (51.5) 0.133
Female 272 (54.1) 253 (48.5) 221 (48.5)
Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Orphan status     
Single orphan or separated 324 (64.4) 338 (64.8) 260 (57.0) 0.011
Double orphan or separated 113 (22.5) 104 (19.9) 107 (23.5)
Non-orphaned and living with parents 54 (10.7) 72 (13.8) 84 (18.4)
Missing 12 (2.4) 8 (1.5) 5 (1.1)
Education among children aged ≥ 5 years
Proportion currently in school 370 (93.4) 405 (93.2) 371 (93.2) 0.096
Missing 5 (1.3) 3 (0.7) 2 (0.3)
Number of days of school missed by child in past 1 month
None 339 (67.4) 283 (54.2) 251 (55.0) <0.001
1-2 days 42 (8.4) 76 (14.6) 69 (15.1)
3-5 days 36 (7.2) 74 (14.2) 64 (14.0)
>5 days 63 (12.5) 66 (12.6) 65 (14.3)
Missing 23 (4.6) 23 (4.4) 7 (1.5)
Quality of diet
Adequate 465 (92.5) 479 (91.8) 433 (95.0) 0.308
Inadequate 35 (7.0) 37 (7.0) 20 (4.4)
Missing 3 (0.6) 6 (1.1) 3 (0.7)
Weight for height (0-5 yrs)
Normal (Z > -2 to +2) 72 (66.7) 62 (70.5) 46 (76.7) 0.371
Moderately to severely low (Z ≤ -2) 8 (7.4) 10 (11.4) 5 (8.3)
High (Z > +2) 24 (22.2) 11 (12.5) 6 (10.0)
Missing 4 (3.7) 5 (5.7) 3 (5.0)
Height for age (0-18 yrs)
Normal (Z > -2 to +2) 300 (59.0) 296 (56.3) 218 (47.8) <0.001
Moderately to severely low (Z ≤ -2) 187 (37.2) 208 (39.5) 227 (49.8)
High (Z > +2) 16 (3.2) 15 (2.9) 7 (1.5)
Missing 0 (0.0) 7 (1.3) 4 (0.9)
Weight for age z scores (0-10 yrs)
Normal (Z > -2 to +2) 200 (83.3) 181 (75.1) 176 (75.9) 0.114
Moderately to severely low (Z ≤ -2) 30 (12.5) 47 (19.5) 48 (20.7)
High (Z > +2) 10 (4.2) 13 (5.4) 7 (3.0)
Missing 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4)
BMI-for-age (6-18 yrs)
Normal (Z > -2 to +2) 346 (91.8) 377 (90.4) 332 (91.0) 0.235
Moderately to severely low (Z ≤ -2) 19 (5.0) 26 (6.2) 15 (4.1)
High (Z > +2) 12 (3.2) 8 (1.9) 16 (4.4)
Missing 0 (0.0) 6 (1.4) 2 (0.6)
Hospitalized in past 1 year
Yes 15 (3.0) 11 (2.1) 10 (2.2) 0.603
No 478 (95.0) 505 (97.9) 438 (96.1)
Missing 10 (2.0) 6 (1.2) 8 (1.8)
Future outlook (10-18 yrs)
Limitless or many opportunities 173 (65.8) 144 (51.1) 113 (49.3) <0.001
Limited or no opportunities 61 (23.2) 80 (28.4) 70 (30.6)
Missing 29 (11.0) 58 (20.6) 46 (20.1)  
  1. CT: Cash Transfer, SSL: Same sub-Location (as that receiving the Cash Transfer), DSL: Different sub-Location (from that receiving the Cash Transfer).