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Table 2 OLS estimate of total difficulties score predicted by orphan status

From: Adverse childhood experiences, psychosocial well-being and cognitive development among orphans and abandoned children in five low income countries

VARIABLES Cambodia total difficulties Ethiopia total difficulties Hyderabad total difficulties Kenya total difficulties Nagaland total difficulties Tanzania total difficulties ALL SITES§ total difficulties
Exposure to potentially traumatic events 0.25 0.12 0.17 0.33** -0.27 0.60** 0.36**
  (0.14) (0.12) (0.1) (0.07) (0.15) (0.21) (0.06)
Wealth index -0.63 -0.47 -0.53 -0.14 -0.69** -0.44 -0.49**
  (0.47) (0.34) (0.36) (0.22) (0.26) (0.46) (0.09)
Single orphan 1.2 1.40** 0.56 0.12 -1.09* 4.52** 0.87
  (0.72) (0.53) (0.37) (0.39) (0.47) (0.55) (0.8)
Double orphan -0.01 0.72 0.98 -0.99 -1.75* 4.88** 0.68
Abandoned -0.18 0.65 0.19 0.14 -1.53* 3.18 0.35
  (1.15) (0.75) (0.39) (0.86) (0.66) (2.22) (0.60)
Non-parent caregiver -0.09 0.72 0.25 0.36 0.24 -1.26 0.04
  (0.55) (0.50) (0.32) (0.40) (0.34) (0.67) (0.20)
Age in months -0.04** -0.03** -0.04** -0.02* -0.01 0 -0.03*
  (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01) (0.02) (0.01)
Female -1.16* -0.02 -1.01** -0.03 -1.09** -0.08 -0.61*
  (0.48) (0.36) (0.27) (0.30) (0.27) (0.49) (0.23)
Constant 19.11** 12.61** 16.78** 10.64** 11.81** 0.69 15.34**
  (2.04) (1.84) (2.10) (1.34) (1.21) (2.32) (2.10)
Observations 438 410 656 573 550 584 3,211
R-squared 0.11 0.18 0.18 0.16 0.09 0.16 0.28
  1. Robust standard errors in parentheses **p<0.01, *p<0.05.
  2. §Model also included site level and round level fixed effects (not shown).