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Table 3 General characteristics of care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya

From: Models of care for orphaned and separated children and upholding children’s rights: cross-sectional evidence from western Kenya

Characteristics Institutional care Family-based care N = 300 Community-based care N = 7
Children’s charitable constitutions
N = 19
Total n (%) CCI pure n = 11 n (%) CCI plus n = 6 n (%) CCI shelter n = 2 n (%) n (%) n (%)
Registered 15 (79) 9 (82) 4 (67) 2 (100) - 6 (86)
Unregistered 4 (21) 2 (18) 2 (33) 0 (0) - 1 (14)
Environment Type       
Secular 3 (16) 1 (9) 2 (33) 0 (0) - 4 (57)
Faith-based 12 (63) 9 (82) 3 (50) 0 (0) - 4 (57)
NGO 2 (10.5) 1 (9) 1 (17) 0 (0) - 2 (29)
Governmental 2 (10.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (100) - 0 (0)
Governance Structure       
Village chief or elders 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (<1) 0 (0)
Head of household 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 294 (98) 0 (0)
Private individual 2 (10.5) 1 (9) 1 (17) 0 (0) 3 (1) 0 (0)
Remunerated board of directors/trustees 2 (10.5) 2 (18) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Volunteer board of directors/trustees 14 (74) 8 (73) 5 (83) 1 (50) 0 (0) 7 (100)
Other advisory committee 1 (5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (50) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Missing data      2  
Admission Criteria for the Household/Institution
Family member or child of friend 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 121 (40) 0 (0)
Age criteria 16 (84) 11 (100) 3 (50) 2 (100) 0 (0) 6 (86)
HIV + 1 (5) 1 (9) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (<1) 0 (0)
HIV – 5 (26) 3 (27) 2 (33) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Any orphan 5 (26) 3 (27) 2 (33) 0 (0) 10 (3) 2 (29)
Double orphan 6 (32) 5 (45) 1 (17) 0 (0) 3 (1) 1 (14)
On/Of the street child 2 (10.5) 0 (0) 1 (17) 1 (50) 0 (0) 3 (43)
Abused or abandoned 5 (26) 4 (36) 0 (0) 1 (50) 2 (<1) 3 (43)
Other 5 (26) 2 (25) 2 (33) 1 (50) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Director or Head of Household Characteristics       
Age, median (IQR) 49 (42–60) 47 (38–57) 47 (42–60) 70 (70) 48 (37–57) 45 (39–58)
Highest level of education       
None 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 62 (21) 0 (0)
Primary 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (17) 0 (0) 162 (54) 0 (0)
Secondary 3 (16) 2 (17) 3 (50) 1 (50) 61 (20) 3 (43)
Vocational 8 (42) 5 (42) 2 (33) 0 (0) 1 (<1) 0
College/University 8 (42) 5 (42) 0 (0) 1 (50) 1 (<1) 4 (57)
Other 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 11 (4)  
Missing      2  
Legally Mandated Guardian of Children       
Yes 18 (95) 11 (100) 5 (83) 2 (100) 188 (64) -
No 1 (5) 0 1 (17) 0 107 (36) -
Missing      5  
Guardian Kenyan       
Yes 16 (84) 9 (82) 5 (83) 2 (100) 294 (>99) 7 (100)
No 3 (16) 2 (18) 1 (17) 0 (0) 1 (<1) 0 (0)
Missing      5  
  1. includes: 2 court ordered, 1 HIV-exposed, 1 not on drugs, 1 poverty.