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Table 2 Perceived causes of mental illness

From: Perception and beliefs about mental illness among adults in Karfi village, northern Nigeria

Perceived cause No.* (%) Rank
Misuse of drugs 88 (34.3) 1
Divine punishment, God's will 48 (18.8) 2
Magic, spirit possession 46 (18.0) 3
Accidents/trauma 30 (11.7) 4
Heredity 27 (10.5) 5
Family conflicts/marital disharmony 14 (5.5) 6
Financial distress/poverty 3 (1.2) 7
  1. *Multiple responses recorded. Include street drugs and alcohol.