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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate association between dichotomous correlates and engaging in sex without a condom at the last sexual encounter with a noncommercial partner

From: Sexual behaviors and their correlates among young people in Mauritius: a cross-sectional study

Correlate    Bivariate   Multivariate a n = 161
  n Percent reporting condom nonuse at last sexual encounter Prevalence ratio (95% CI) P (χ 2)b Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P
Sociodemographic       
Gender       
   Female 40 71.2 1.41 0.079 3.09 0.056
   Male 123 50.6 (0.94–2.11) (3.23) (0.97–9.85)  
Age group (years)       
   Older (20–24) 104 61.6 1.45 0.034 2.68 0.051
   Younger (15–19) 59 42.5 (1.00–2.11) (4.78*) (1.00–7.23)  
Geographic area       
   Urban 66 45.0 0.73 0.065 0.95 0.893
   Rural 97 62.0 (0.53–0.99) (3.56) (0.43–2.11)  
Currently in school       
   No 127 58.1 1.42 0.051 0.99 0.984
   Yes 36 40.9 (0.97–2.09) (4.02) (0.27–3.56)  
Work experience       
   Ever worked 132 55.8 1.16 0.520 N/A N/A
   Never worked 31 48.2 (0.74–1.81) (0.42)   
Condom attitudes       
Perceived difficulty in obtaining a condom       
   High 23 80.4 1.58 0.017 4.17 0.084
   Low 138 50.9 (1.18–2.12) (6.17*) (0.82–21.14)  
Self-efficacy of using a condom with a new partner       
   Low 28 88.5 1.83 0.001 3.11 0.066
   High 133 48.3 (1.46–2.30) (27.38**) (0.93–10.41)  
Confidence to refuse sex without condom       
   Low 86 60.4 1.28 0.111 N/A N/A
   High 75 47.2 (0.95–1.72) (2.64)   
Sexual behaviors       
Used a condom at first sexual encounter       
   No 103 78.3 3.75 0.001 12.92 0.001
   Yes 60 20.9 (2.34–6.01) (38.64**) (4.96–33.62)  
Had more than one sexual partner       
   Yes 111 54.4 0.99 0.958 N/A N/A
   No 52 54.9 (0.74–1.34) (0.00)   
Knowledge of HIV prevention methods       
Effectiveness of condom in HIV prevention       
   Low 20 79.1 1.54 0.029 1.94 0.398
   High 143 51.4 (1.13–2.10) (5.06*) (0.41–9.19)  
Effectiveness of having one faithful partner in HIV prevention       
   Low 60 58.7 1.13 0.454 N/A N/A
   High 103 52.0 (0.83–1.54) (0.57)   
Exposure to HIV program       
Ever heard of PILS (NGO)       
   No 66 66.0 1.42 0.018 3.27 0.010
   Yes 97 46.5 (1.08–1.86) (5.98*) (1.35–7.90)  
  1. N/A, not applicable; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; NGO, nongovernmental organization.
  2. a. Three basic sociodemographic variables (gender, age group, and geographic area) and variables that attained P < 0.10 in the bivariate analyses were entered into the logistic regression model.
  3. b. * P < 0.05. **P < 0.01.