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Table 4 Educational attainment measures, 1990/1 – 2000/1

From: Indigenous well-being in four countries: An application of the UNDP'S Human Development Index to Indigenous Peoples in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States

  Adult Literacy Proxy (2/3 weight) Gross Enrolment Proxy (1/3 weight) Educational Attainment Index
  Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal Gap Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal Gap Non-Aboriginal Aboriginal Gap
Australia Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander
1991 0.85 0.84 0.02 0.28 0.13 0.15 .659 .598 .061
1996 0.86 0.84 0.02 0.33 0.17 0.16 .686 .618 .068
2001 0.88 0.86 0.02 0.38 0.22 0.16 .713 .644 .069
2001* 0.91 0.83 0.07 0.69 0.31 0.38 .832 .659 .176
Canada Aboriginal
1991 0.86 0.82 0.05 0.76 0.51 0.25 .826 .713 .113
1996 0.88 0.85 0.03 0.77 0.53 0.24 .843 .738 .105
2001 0.90 0.88 0.02 0.79 0.56 0.23 .866 .773 .093
New Zealand Māori
1991 0.65 0.35 0.29 0.54 0.27 0.28 .611 .325 .286
1996 0.70 0.45 0.25 0.63 0.37 0.27 .674 .421 .253
2001 0.78 0.57 0.20 0.67 0.38 0.29 .741 .508 .233
American Indian and Alaska Native
1990 0.90 0.88 0.03 0.77 0.63 0.13 .857 .795 .062
2000 0.92 0.91 0.02 0.75 0.67 0.08 .863 .827 .036
  1. Note: Australian 1991–2001 figures are calculated using age at school-leaving. 2001* figures calculated using educational attainment.