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Table 5 Proportion with poor levels in metabolic control, by place of last outpatient visit.

From: Metabolic control in a nationally representative diabetic elderly sample in Costa Rica: patients at community health centers vs. patients at other health care settings

Metabolic control indicators Public hospital (%) Public clinic (%) Comm. health centers (%) Private clinical setting (%) Patient's home (%) χ2 p-value
HbA1C ≥ 7% 36.5 33.6 38.4 43.0 28.9  
-People with insulin (n = 154) 53.3 47.4 68.6 54.5 42.3  
-People with oral medication (n = 346) 38.5 29.3 35.9 47.0 32.0  
SBP ≥ 130 mmHga 82.7 74.8 78.3 80.2 68.5  
-People with antihypertensive medication (n = 358) 81.1 73.2 84.3 75.3 72.0  
DBP ≥ 80 mmHga 66.2 66.1 66.0 70.0 50.0  
-People with antihypertensive medication (n = 358) 63.4 60.3 66.8 74.1 52.1  
SBP ≥ 130 & DBP ≥ 80 mmHga 64.4 63.3 60.1 62.1 48.8  
-People with antihypertensive medication (n = 358) 61.8 58.8 65.2 65.9 52.1  
Triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dl 42.5 39.9 56.6 33.6 63.6 ***
-People with statin medication (n = 126) 49.6 40.3 71.3 32.0 73.6 **
LDL ≥ 100 mg/dl 72.7 79.9 84.0 66.8 70.1  
-People with statin medication (n = 112) 77.7 79.8 84.3 47.7 84.4  
HDL ≤ 40 mg/dl 68.9 75.6 70.1 62.4 62.9  
Without aspirin intake 33.9 43.9 39.1 46.6 35.8  
Without influenza vaccine last year 43.0 49.1 42.7 59.7 40.8  
Without physician examination at least once a year 13.3 5.6 8.4 19.5 19.4 *
  1. Notes: *: p < 0.10, **: p < 0.05, ***: p < 0.01
  2. a/Arithmetic mean of two measurements