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Table 3 Factors associated with attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women identified by multiple logistic regression analyses*

From: Factors associated with attitudes towards intimate partner violence against women: a comparative analysis of 17 sub-Saharan countries

  Benin Burkina Faso Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mozambique Namibia Nigeria Rwanda Swaziland Tanzania Uganda Zimbabwe
Variable OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR OR
Sex                  
Women (vs men) 4.40 3.71 4.03 1.73 ns 0.71 4.37 5.36 1.99 1.38 ns 1.49 2.13 ns 2.01 1.76 1.35
Age                  
15–24 ns ns 1.28 1.77 1.67 1.45 1.49 1.41 1.44 1.26 1.25 1.44 1.38 2.56 1.56 1.34 2.21
25–34 ns ns ns 1.48 ns ns 1.17 ns ns 1.13 ns ns ns 1.24 1.19 ns 1.44
Education                  
No education 2.12 2.19 2.20 2.09 2.46 1.61 ns ns 1.33 1.84 ns 1.36 1.91 1.42 2.04 ns 2.06
Primary 1.44 1.99 1.97 1.69 2.23 1.61 ns ns 1.44 1.67 1.21 ns 1.85 1.54 2.45 1.31 1.38
Occupation                  
Not working 0.86 1.20 ns ns ns ns 0.79 0.78 0.80 1.19 ns ns 1.20 ns 0.86 ns 0.85
Marital                  
Currently married 1.44 ns ns ns 1.46 ns ns 1.35 0.69 ns 0.69 ns 0.81 ns ns ns 0.75
Formerly married 1.60 1.42 1.57 ns 1.52 ns 1.40 ns 0.56 ns ns ns 0.78 ns 0.78 ns ns
Wealth                  
Poorest 2.65 ns ns 3.24 1.87 1.77 1.24 1.47 1.47 1.22 5.85 2.08 ns 1.69 1.70 1.42 2.88
Poor 2.14 ns 1.26 2.06 1.78 1.59 1.25 ns 1.54 1.38 3.94 1.83 ns 1.61 1.63 1.73 2.72
Middle 2.21 ns ns 1.93 1.66 1.31 ns ns 1.40 1.44 3.08 1.56 1.17 1.36 1.48 1.45 2.25
Richer 1.79 1.23 1.28 1.64 1.73 ns ns 1.22 1.38 1.43 1.71 1.47 1.18 1.28 1.24 1.44 1.61
Type of residence                  
Rural (versus urban) 1.18 ns 2.06 ns ns 1.22 1.15 0.73 1.21 1.15 ns ns 1.15 1.38 ns 1.49 1.24
Decision making indices                  
Respondent alone (0–5) 0.92 0.95 1.22 ns 1.12 ns 1.38 ns 1.11 0.95 1.12 ns 1.10 ns 1.08 1.08 1.13
Husband/Partner alone (0–5) 1.06 ns 1.21 ns 1.11 1.09 1.36 1.14 1.13 1.12 1.20 1.21 1.11 1.10 ns 1.23 1.15
Husband-wife (0–5) 0.92 0.88 ns 0.91 0.88 0.81 1.18 0.90 0.92 na na 0.93 ns ns 0.91 ns 1.08
Media access                  
Read newspaper 0.84 0.77 0.79 0.81 0.80 0.82 0.85 ns 1.20 ns 0.81 0.75 0.88 ns ns ns 0.74
Listen to radio ns ns ns ns ns ns ns 0.83 ns ns ns ns 0.80 ns ns ns 1.23
Watch television ns ns 0.85 0.85 ns ns ns 0.81 ns 1.22 1.26 ns ns ns 1.18 ns ns
  1. Abbreviations: OR: odds ratio; ns: not significant; na: not available
  2. *Shown are odds ratio that are significant at p = 0.01
  3. Reference group: Age- 35 or older; Education – secondary or more; occupation – working; marital status – never married; wealth status – richest