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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odds ratios associating a "good" level of knowledge of modifiable risk factors with specific demographic variables

From: Knowledge of modifiable risk factors of Coronary Atherosclerotic Heart Disease (CASHD) among a sample in India

Demographic Crude odds ratio 95% CI *Adjusted odds ratio 95% CI
Age     
-Less than or equal to 35 1.00 - confounding variable  
-Greater than 35 0.59 (0.34–1.02)   
Gender     
-Male 1.00 - confounding variable  
-Female 0.816 (0.40–1.65)   
Exercise     
-No 1.00 - 1.00 -
-Yes** 6.42 (3.48–11.28) 8.41** (4.29–16.46)
Level of formal education received     
-Less than or equal to 5 years 1.00 - 1.00 -
-6–10 years 0.82 (0.16–4.01) 0.91 (0.16–5.01)
-Bachelors or some college 3.36 (0.79–14.26) 3.64 (0.83–16.01)
-Graduate school 3.61 (0.77–17.00) 3.98 (0.83–19.29)
History of Smoking cigarettes     
-Current smoker 1.00 - 1.00 -
-Former smoker** 38.6 (11.83–126.04) 48.28** (13.9–167.58)
-Never smoked** 7.34 (2.4–21.94) 8.25** (2.53–26.72)
Known diagnosis of Hypertension     
-No 1.00 - confounding variable  
-Yes 1.46 (0.58–3.67)   
Known diagnosis of DM     
-No 1.00 - confounding variable  
-Yes 1.42 (0.087–22.94)   
Known history of Myocardial Infarction     
-No 1.00 - Confounding variable  
-Yes 0.49 (0.15–1.60)   
  1. *Adjusted for confounding variables of knowledge such as age, gender, and known medical history of hypertension, DM and myocardial infarction.
  2. ** Demographic variables significantly associated with a "good" level of knowledge