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Table 1 Factors associated with drug planting by police among Thai injection drug users (N = 238)*

From: Reports of evidence planting by police among a community-based sample of injection drug users in Bangkok, Thailand

Characteristic Yes
n (%)
n = 72
No
n (%)
n = 166
Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p- value
Median Age     
   > 36.5 years 63 (52) 63 (48) 0.88 (0.54 - 1.44) 0.614
   ≤ 36.5 years 59 (48) 67 (52)   
Gender     
   Female 29 (24) 37 (28) 0.78 (0.45- 1.38) 0.398
   Male 93 (76) 93 (72)   
Education level     
   < Secondary school 45 (37) 58 (45) 1.38 (0.83 - 2.28) 0.213
   ≥ Secondary school 77 (63) 72 (55)   
Employment     
   Yes 20 (16) 26 (20) 0.78 (0.41 - 1.49) 0.460
   No 102 (84) 104 (80)   
Illegal Income     
   Yes 8 (7) 6 (5) 1.45 (0.49 - 4.31) 0.503
   No 114 (93) 124 (95)   
Heroin Use*     
   Yes 115 (94) 119 (92) 1.52 (0.57 - 4.05) 0.404
   No 7 (6) 11 (8)   
Yaba Use*     
   Yes 82 (67) 79 (61) 1.32 (0.79 - 2.22) 0.288
   No 40 (33) 51 (39)   
Midazolam Use*     
   Yes 97 (80) 73 (56) 3.03 (1.73 - 5.30) < 0.001
   No 25 (20) 57 (44)   
Combination Drug Use*     
   Yes 95 (78) 80 (62) 2.20 (1.26 - 3.83) 0.005
   No 27 (22) 50 (38)   
Syringe Borrowing*     
   Yes 54 (44) 35 (27) 2.16 (1.27 - 3.65) 0.004
   No 68 (56) 95 (73)   
Syringe Lending*     
   Yes 55 (45) 37 (28) 2.06 (1.22 - 3.48) 0.007
   No 67 (55) 93 (72)   
Non-fatal Overdose*     
   Yes 51 (42) 24 (18) 3.17 (1.79 - 5.61) < 0.001
   No 71 (58) 106 (82)   
Incarceration*     
   Yes 6 (5) 8 (6) 0.79 (0.27 -2.34) 0.669
   No 116 (95) 122 (94)   
Forced Drug Treatment*     
   Yes 48 (39) 32 (25) 1.99 (1.16 - 3.41) 0.013
   No 74 (61) 98 (75)   
Prescription Methadone Use*     
   Yes 63 (52) 48 (37) 1.82 (1.10 - 3.02) 0.019
   No 59 (48) 82 (63)   
  1. *Variables refer to ever in the past.