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Table 3 Prevalence of organised crime and political violence (OPV) and human rights violations

From: Household exposure to violence and human rights violations in western Bangladesh (I): prevalence, risk factors and consequences

Household experience No. of households (%)
House search by legal authority or law enforcement agency 322 (29.3)
House occupied by legal authority or law enforcement agency 305 (27.8)
Forced evacuation or displacement 44 (4.0)
Gunshot, shelling, bombing in the neighbourhood 740 (67.3)
Illegal demolition of household property or food supply essential for survival 145 (13.2)
Victimised by liberation war with Pakistan 91 (8.3)
Individual experience at household No. of households (%)
Saw relatives being arrested, assaulted, tortured, humiliated, injured or killed 707 (64.3)
Saw friend or neighbour being arrested, assaulted, tortured, humiliated, injured or killed 834 (75.9)
Arrest and detention without warrant or an order 317 (28.8)
Forced separation from family members 32 (2.9)
Kidnapping, trafficking, disappearance 35 (3.2)
Involvement in a combat or 'Cross-Fire' incidents 54 (4.9)
Extrajudicial execution by law enforcement agency 78 (7.1)
Forced labour by law enforcement agency 86 (7.6)
Experience of sexual harassment, molestation, rape or inserting blunt object into genital organ and/or rectum by members of law enforcement agency 9 (0.8)
Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 343 (31.2)
Collective exposure to different categories of OPV and human rights violations No. of households (%)
0 51 (4.6)
1 132 (12.0)
2 212 (19.3)
2-4 338 (30.8)
4-6 214 (19.5)
6-8 90 (8.2)
8-10 50 (4.5)
10-12 12 (1.1)
  1. Collective exposure reported by the sampled households, n = 1099