Skip to main content

Table 3 Percentage of public secondary school students from central El Salvador who reported engaging in a physical fight and illicit drug use by level of perceived social cohesion within school and student-school connectedness. (n = 935)

From: Reliability and validity of the Student Perceptions of School Cohesion Scale in a sample of Salvadoran secondary school students

  Engaged in a physical fight in past 12 months Ever consumed illicit drugs
  % AOR (95% C.I.)c % AOR (95% C.I.)c
Full scale     
School social cohesion     
   High Perceptionsa 27.5*** 0.50 (0.35, 0.73) 6.5*** 0.34 (0.20, 0.57)
   Low Perceptionsb (referent) 42.5*** 1.00 15.4*** 1.00
Sub-scales     
Supportive school relationships     
   High Perceptionsa 28.2*** 0.56 (0.41, 0.78) 6.9*** 0.48 (0.29, 0.77)
   Low Perceptionsb (referent) 39.6*** 1.00 12.0*** 1.00
Student-school connectedness     
   High Perceptionsa 29.0*** 0.49 (0.33, 0.75) 7.8* 0.47 (0.26, 0.84)
Low Perceptionsb (referent) 41.8*** 1.00 12.7* 1.00
Student-teacher connectedness     
   High Perceptions 29.7*** 0.54 (0.37, 0.79) 7.9* 0.55 (0.32, 0.95)
   Low Perceptionsb (referent) 44.0*** 1.00 12.7* 1.00
  1. Bold font indicates statistical significance at p < .05.
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01, ***p ≤ .001 based on Logistic Regression Analyses.
  3. aRepresents students who responded "Strongly agree" or "somewhat agree" based on five-point scale
  4. bRepresents students who responded "Strongly disagree", "somewhat disagree" or "neutral" based on 5-point scale.cAdjusted Odds Ratio. Adjusted for gender, age, rural/urban status, and perceived socio-economic status.