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Table 5 Standing balance performance, emotional well-being and its association with personal factors and health condition

From: Household exposure to violence and human rights violations in western Bangladesh (II): history of torture and other traumatic experience of violence and functional assessment of victims

Variables (Both legs stand more than 30 seconds) No Yes OR (95% CI) P value
BMI<16.5 8 8 1 -
16.5≤ BMI<18.5 21 13 0.51 (0.19-1.36) 0.180
18.5≤ BMI<23 57 59 0.71 (0.29-1.75) 0.461
23≤ BMI<27 32 17 0.45 (0.16-1.25) 0.125
BMI≥27 9 2 0.17 (0.03-0.81) < 0.05
Male 95 81 1 -
Female 31 21 0.96 (0.35-2.60) 0.930
Age<55 95 88 1 -
Age≥55 30 12 0.37 (0.21-0.65) < 0.001
Injury mapping (adjusted for age and BMI) No Yes OR (95% CI) P value
0 injury 3 6 1 -
1-2 injuries 89 80 0.21 (0.02-2.20) 0.19
≥3 injuries 35 16 0.10 (0.01-0.90) < 0.05
Without leg and knee injury 66 66 1 -
With leg and knee injury 61 36 0.57 (0.35-0.96) < 0.05
Can not walk to another side of village 34 11 1 -
Able to walk to another side of village without assistance 51 51 2.94 (1.33-6.52) < 0.005
Need assistance to walk to another side of village 38 35 2.67 (1.30-5.47) < 0.005
Pain (adjusted for age and BMI) No Yes OR (95% CI) P value
No pain 1 2 1 -
Light pain 14 11 0.31 (0.01-15.50) 0.56
Moderate pain 105 65 0.22 (0.00-10.19) 0.44
Severe pain 23 7 0.12 (0.00-6.24) 0.29
Constant pain (all the time) 43 14 1 -
Periodic pain (one or more times a week) 63 48 1.84 (0.76-4.46) 0.18
Occasional pain (less frequent than once a week) 35 20 1.24 (0.49-3.15) 0.65
Years passed since TCIDTP incident (adjusted for age and BMI) No Yes OR (95% CI) P value
0 6 4 1 -
1-2 years 39 32 0.92 0.902
3-5 years 25 22 1.28 0.732
6-10 years 27 19 0.70 0.672
>10 years 14 13 2.16 0.415
Variables (WHO-5 Well-being <13, poor emotional well-being)    OR (95% CI) P value
Political party member vs. general party supporter    0.53 (0.77-3.77) 0.522
Activist vs. general party supporter    0.03 (0.01-0.19) < 0.001
Often attend meeting or hold meeting at home    1.27 (0.12-13.04) 0.839
Have participated in demonstration, a strike or a human rights rally    0.05 (0.01-0.34) < 0.005
Have conflict with other people    21.33 (5.81-78.30) < 0.001
Number of years passed since TCIDTP incident    0.82 (0.72-0.93) < 0.005
Periodic pain vs. constant pain    0.09 (0.01-0.82) < 0.05
Occasional pain vs. constant pain    0.03 (0.00-0.19) < 0.001
Frequency of fear of violence in the community    3.23 (1.64-6.36) < 0.001
Stop working to take care of an injured family member for a period    14.21 (13.1-154.00) < 0.05
Education level    0.88 (0.62-1.23) 0.444
Age≥55    3.40 (0.56-20.62 0.183