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Table 5 Gender comparisons of correlations among health-belief variables, HPV knowledge, and intention to obtain the HPV vaccination at posttest

From: Awareness of human papillomavirus and factors associated with intention to obtain HPV vaccination among Korean youth: quasi experimental study

Variables Intention to obtain HPV vaccination
  Boys Girls
  Spearman’s rho ( p )
Health-belief variables at posttest   
Severity of STDs 0.38 (0.001) 0.49 (0.001)
Severity of cancer 0.30 (0.013) 0.36 (0.015)
Intention to obtain injection for STD prevention 0.85 (<0.001) 0.85 (0.001)
Intention to obtain injection for cancer prevention 0.21 (<0.001) 0.79 (<0.001)
Concern about pain at vaccine injectiona 0.18 (0.131) 0.40 (0.006)
Benefit of STD prevention injection 0.60 (<0.001) 0.43 (0.003)
Benefit of cancer prevention injection 0.64 (<0.001) 0.53 (<0.001)
HPV knowledgeb   
High-risk HPV causes STD 0.03 (0.796) 0.07 (0.639)
Low-risk HPV causes genital cancer 0.19 (0.128) 0.00 (0.989)
Genital warts always cause pain 0.21 (0.078) 0.15 (0.312)
Genital warts cause cervical cancer 0.04 (0.774) 0.18 (0.238)
Cervical cancer is preventable 0.12 (0.319) 0.16 (0.282)
Genital warts are preventable 0.23 (0.054) −0.03 (0.856)
HPV vaccine prevents STDs 0.23 (0.060) 0.18 (0.251)
HPV vaccine prevents cervical cancer 0.25 (0.039) 0.31 (0.037)
  1. aReverse coding; bdummy variables (0, incorrect answer or don’t know; 1, corrected answer).
  2. STD, sexually transmitted disease; HPV, human papillomavirus.