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Table 1 Types of war trauma reported by primary and secondary survivors

From: War trauma and torture experiences reported during public health screening of newly resettled Karen refugees: a qualitative study

Types Primary survivors Secondary survivors
Threats (against the victim, victim's family, or friends) x x
Collective punishments other than mass roundup or curfew x x
Displacement x x
Restriction on travel x x
Restriction on the practice of religion x x
Looting; theft x x
Confiscation of property x x
Extortion x x
Destruction of property x x
Land expropriation x x
Direct actions which violate the right to adequate housing x x
Direct actions which violate the right to adequate food x x
Denial of appropriate health treatment x x
Direct actions which violate the right to education x x
Banning/restrictions on the use of a particular language x x
Banning/restrictions on certain cultural practices x x
Shooting as a method of indiscriminate attack x x
Bombing as a method of indiscriminate attack x x
Arson as a method of indiscriminate attack x x
Other methods of indiscriminate attack x x
Widespread community feara x x
Systematic destruction/burning of house or villagea x x
Exposure to dead bodiesa x x
Orphaned in the context of wara x x
Injury caused by landminea x x
Fear of Thai police or deportation from Thailanda x x
Harm or killing in the context of wara x x
Death of a noncombatant in a crossfire   x
Killing in indiscriminate attacks such as bombing   x
  1. aCodes created in addition to existing HURIDOCS Micro-thesauri codes.