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Table 2 Child mortality in post-conflict countries

From: Comprehensive peace agreement implementation and reduction in neonatal, infant and under-5 mortality rates in post-armed conflict states, 1989–2012

  Neonatal Infant Under-5
  (1) (2) (3) (1) (2) (3) (1) (2) (3)
CPA implementation ratet-1 −0.003*** −0.001*** −0.001* −0.004*** −0.002*** −0.001** −0.005*** −0.002*** −0.002**
  (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.000) (0.001)
War duration in months 0.000   0.000 0.000   0.000 0.000   −0.000
  (0.000)   (0.000) (0.000)   (0.000) (0.000)   (0.000)
Cumulative deaths in conflict × 1000 −0.017***   −0.010*** −0.021***   −0.011*** −0.023***   −0.012***
  (0.002)   (0.002) (0.002)   (0.002) (0.002)   (0.003)
Territorial Conflict 0.031 −0.041 −0.051 0.047 −0.034 −0.065 0.071* −0.017 −0.051
  (0.024) (0.026) (0.033) (0.030) (0.032) (0.042) (0.033) (0.036) (0.047)
Rebel victoryt-1   0.197*** 0.195***   0.308*** 0.306***   0.358*** 0.357***
   (0.047) (0.053)   (0.058) (0.066)   (0.065) (0.074)
Government victoryt-1   −0.031 −0.036   −0.031 −0.041   −0.031 −0.044
   (0.030) (0.028)   (0.037) (0.035)   (0.041) (0.040)
Peace accordt-1   0.033 0.007   0.052 0.016   0.044 −0.005
   (0.022) (0.023)   (0.028) (0.029)   (0.031) (0.032)
Ongoing conflictt-1   0.091*** 0.053***   0.117*** 0.069***   0.134*** 0.081***
   (0.015) (0.016)   (0.019) (0.020)   (0.021) (0.022)
GDP per capita in 1000 (2005)t-1   −0.079*** −0.091***   −0.091*** −0.104***   −0.093*** −0.106***
   (0.005) (0.006)   (0.006) (0.007)   (0.007) (0.008)
Executive Constraintt-1   −0.127*** −0.091***   −0.151*** −0.111***   −0.178*** −0.128***
   (0.019) (0.019)   (0.023) (0.023)   (0.026) (0.026)
Primary enrollment (100,000)t-1   −0.001*** −0.001**   −0.002*** −0.001***   −0.002*** −0.002***
   (0.000) (0.000)   (0.000) (0.000)   (0.000) (0.000)
First 5 years of peace    0.063***    0.082***    0.095***
    (0.012)    (0.014)    (0.016)
Health Exp.(% Govt. Spending)t-1    −0.001    −0.001    −0.002
    (0.002)    (0.002)    (0.002)
Constant 3.370*** 3.376*** 3.505*** 4.063*** 4.062*** 4.211*** 4.395*** 4.387*** 4.550***
  (0.025) (0.028) (0.041) (0.031) (0.034) (0.050) (0.035) (0.038) (0.057)
Observations 1343 997 859 1351 997 859 1351 997 859
Groups 73 70 70 73 70 70 73 70 70
F-Stat 79.99 56.75 41.89 87.41 57.69 40.67 89.30 56.53 38.71
Probability > F 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
  1. Mortality Rate is in 1000 live births (logged)
  2. Estimation in fixed effects (within) regression. Standard errors in parentheses
  3. CPA Comprehensive peace agreement, GDP Gross domestic product
  4. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001