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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the review

From: Female genital mutilation and cutting: a systematic literature review of health professionals’ knowledge, attitudes and clinical practice

Reference Country Study design and method Domains assessed Sample N Response rate
    Attitudes Knowledge Practice    
Publications from African Countries
 Ashimi et al. 2014 [21] Nigeria Cross-sectional; self- administered survey Yes Yes No Nurses 350 84 %
 Kaplan et al. 2013 [22] Gambia Cross-sectional; survey administered face to face Yes Yes Yes Nurses, community nurses and midwives 468 NR
 Ali et al. 2012 [23] Sudan Survey administered via face to face interview Yes Yes Yes Midwives (~63 % of midwives were illiterate) 157 NR
 Dike et al. 2012 [24] Nigeria Cross-sectional survey Yes Yes No Student nurses and midwives 269 95.7 %
 Rasheed et al. 2011 [25] Egypt Cross sectional; self- administered survey Yes No Yes aNurses; junior and senior physicians   
 Refaat 2009 [26] Egypt Cross-sectional Survey Yes Yes Yes aPhysicians 193 68 %
 Mostafa et al. 2006 [27] Egypt Random sample; Survey Yes Yes No 5th year medical students 330 90.3 %
 Onuh et al. 2006 [28] Nigeria Cross-sectional; Survey Yes Yes Yes Nurses practising in a hospital 182 94.3 %
Publications from “Western Countries”
 Caroppo et al. 2014 [29] Italy Purposive sample; Self-administered survey No Yes Yes Physicians, social workers, psychologists, “health assistants” working in an asylum seeker centre 41 100 %
 Purchase et al. 2013 [30] UK Cross-sectional; survey No Yes No Obstetricians and Gynaecologists 607 20.1 %
 Relph et al. 2013 [31] UK Cross-sectional; Survey Yes Yes No Health care professionals 79 92.9 %
 Moeed et al. 2012 [20] Australia and New Zealand Cross- sectional; Survey No Yes Yes Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and trainees 564 18.5 %
FGM/C workers 34 91.9 %
 Hess et al. 2010 [32] USA Randomised Survey Yes Yes Yes Nurse-midwives 243 40.3 %
 Kaplan-Marcusan et al. 2009 [33] Spain Cross-sectional; Survey at two time points (2001 and 2004) Yes Yes Yes bPrimary health care professionals 280 (2001) 80 % (2001)
296 (2004) 62 % (2004)
 Leye 2008 [34] Belgium Cross-sectional; Survey Yes Yes Yes Gynaecologists and trainees 333 46 %
 Zaidi et al. 2007 [35] UK Cross-sectional; Survey No Yes Yes Labour ward staff 45 100 %
 Tamaddon et al. 2006 [36] Sweden Cross-sectional; Survey No Yes Yes bHealth professionals 796 28 %
 Jager et al. 2002 [37] Switzerland Cross-sectional; Survey No Yes Yes Obstetricians and gynaecologists 454 39.1 %
  1. aSample included paediatricians but did not report on paediatricians separately;
  2. bSample included paediatricians and paediatricians were compared with other professionals;
  3. NA Not applicable
  4. NR Not Reported