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Table 3 Factors associate with ART adherence among adult patients on ART in public health institutions in Harar and Dire Dawa towns, Eastern Ethiopia, 2012

From: Factors associated with adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) among adult people living with HIV and attending their clinical care, Eastern Ethiopia

  Adherence status   
Characteristics Adhered No (%) Not Adhered No (%) COR(95 % CI) AOR(95 % CI)
Age in years
 18–24 32 (78.8) 9 (22.0) 0.97 (0.42–2.25) 0.84 (0.31–2.25)
 25–34 226 (86.3) 36 (13.7) 1.71 (1.00–2.29) 1.27 (0.68–2.37)
 35–44 159 (89.9) 18 (10.2) 2.41(1.28–4.54) 2.40 (1.15–5.01)*
 > = 45 110 (78.6) 30 (21.4) 1 1
Average income/month
 <500.00ETB 123 (94.6) 7 (5.4) 1 1
 501–999.00 ETB 61 (92.4) 5 (7.6) 4.09 (1.828–9.187) 6.73 (2.71–16.75)*
 >1000.00 ETB 60 (80.0) 15 (20.0) 2.85 (1.100–7.359) 1.62 (0.57–4.58)
 Not determined 283 (81.1) 66 (18.9) 0.93 (0.99–1.745) 1.21 (0.59–2.49)
Waiting time
 ≤30 min 364 (87.5) 52 (12.5) 1.70 (1.12–2.76) 1.36 (0.79–2.34)
 >30 min 163 (79.9) 41 (20.1) 1  
Depressiom
 Yes 257 (81.3) 59 (18.7) 0.55 (0.35–0.87) 0.36 (0.213–0.614)*
 No 270 (88.8) 34 (11.2) 1 1
Pill burden
 2 tablets 221 (84.7) 40 (15.3) 3.45 (1.08–11.09) 12.98 (2.781–60.59)*
 3 tablets 257 (87.7) 36 (12.3) 4.46 (1.38–14.38) 12.90 (2.87–57.94)*
 4 tablets 41 (77.4) 12 (22.6) 2.14 (0.59–7.75) 5.87 (1.21–28.54)*
 5 tablets and more 8 (61.5) 5 (38.5) 1 1
Substance use
 Used 158 (77.8) 45 (22.2) 0.46 (0.29–0.71) 0.612 (0.37–1.03)
 Not-used 369 (88.5) 48 (11.5) 1  
Opportunistic infections(OIs)
 Not encountered 198 (89.2) 24 (10.8) 1.73 (1.05–2.24) 2.81 (1.47–5.36)*
 Encountered 324 (82.7) 69 (17.3) 1 1
Disclosure status
 No 402 (83.4) 80 (16.6) 0.52 (0.28–0.97) 0.45(0.21–0.97)*
 Yes 125 (90.6) 13 (9.4) 1 1
Family support
 Good 232 (89.2) 28 (108) 1.83 (1.14–2.94) 2.61(1.47–4.72)*
 Poor 295 (89.1) 65 (18.1) 1 1
Adherence counseling
 Yes 509 (85.8) 84 (14.2) 3.03 (1.32–6.69) 2.45(0.37–1.03)
 No 18 (66.7) 9 (33.3) 1  
Well-skilled counselor
 Yes 497 (86.1) 80 (13.9) 3.27 (1.47–7.27) 1.22(0.311–4.79)
 No 30 (69.8) 13 (30.2) 1  
Satisfaction to counselor
 Satisfied 493 (89.2) 81 (14.1) 2.15 (1.07–4.32) 1.24(0.38–4.08)
 Not satisfied 34 (73.9) 12 (26.1) 1  
  1. *Statistically significant association (P <0.05)