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Table 2 Absolute rights in each of the domains and indicators from the SDG

From: Using international human rights law to improve child health in low-income countries: a framework for healthcare professionals

  States shall [4] SDG suggested indicator [19] SDG description of indicator [19] Absolute rights
Water provide access to clean drinking water Article 24 (2c) Percentage of population using safely managed water services, by urban/rural Basic drinking water sources can include: piped drinking water supply on premises; public taps/stand posts; tube well/borehole; protected dug well; protected spring; rainwater; and bottled water with a total collection time of 30 min or less for a round trip including queuing. Percentage of children (in the sample) who do not have access to drinking water from any of the listed sources or whose collection time is >30 min.
Sanitation ensure that all sections of society are informed about and have access to sanitation Article 24 (2e) Percentage of population using safely managed sanitation service by urban/rural The following facilities are considered adequate if the facility is not shared with other households: a pit latrine with a superstructure, and a platform or squatting slab constructed of durable material (composting latrines, pour-flush latrines, etc.); a toilet connected to a septic tank; or a toilet connected to a sewer network (small bore or conventional). Percentage of children (in the sample) who share a latrine with other households or who do not have access to any of the listed options
Food take measures within their means to assist parents or carers to provide adequate nutrition Article 27 (3) Prevalence of stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age Prevalence of stunting and wasting in children < 5 years, using WHO standards [21] Percentage of children (in the sample) who are stunted as described or wasted as described or both
Stunting is low height for age; children < 5 years whose height for age is two or more standard deviations below the median.
Wasting is low weight for age; children < 5 years whose weight for age is two or more standard deviations below the median.
Shelter take measures within their means to assist parents or carers to provide adequate shelter Article 27 (3) Safe and affordable housing Security of tenure (evidence of documentation to prove secure tenure status or de facto or perceived protection from evictions) Percentage of children (in the sample) who do not live in houses with secure tenure, or which are not durable and with more than two people per room (divide number of occupants by number of rooms)
Durability of housing (permanent and adequate structure in non-hazardous location)
Sufficient living area (not more than two people sharing the same room)
Education make primary education compulsory and available free to all; Article 28(a) Primary completion rates for girls and boys Primary completion rates for girls and boys Percentage of boys and girls who have dropped out of school without completing primary school education.
Health to develop preventive health care Article Article 24(F)   Percent of children receiving full immunization (as recommended by national vaccination schedules) Percent of infants aged 1 year who have not received full immunization (as recommended by national vaccination schedules)
  1. Bold data are the headings