Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Bivariate analysis of selected dependent and independent variables

From: Persistent misconceptions about HIV transmission among males and females in Malawi

  Women Men
OR [CI 95 %] OR [CI 95 %]
ABC prevention knowledge 0.83*** [0.78, 0.87] 0.80*** [0.78, 0.83]
Have been tested for AIDS     
 No 1.00 1.00
 Yes 0.85*** [0.80, 0.90] 0.77*** [0.70, 0.84]
Region of residence
 Northern 1.00 1.00
 Central 0.67*** [0.62, 0.72] 0.69*** [0.60, 0.79]
 Southern 0.51*** [0.48, 0.54] 0.57*** [0.50, 0.65]
Ethnicity
 Tumbuka 1.00 1.00
 Chewa 1.41*** [1.27, 1.55] 1.26** [1.07, 1.49]
 Lomwe 0.69*** [0.64, 0.75] 0.83* [0.70, 0.97]
 Tonga 0.97 [0.82, 1.15] 0.99 [0.73, 1.34]
 Yao 0.85** [0.76, 0.95] 1.11 [0.96, 1.28]
 Sena 0.75*** [0.65, 0.87] 0.83 [0.64, 1.08]
 Ngori 0.72*** [0.66, 0.80] 0.89 [0.73, 1.08]
 Others 0.99 [0.90, 1.10] 1.07 [0.88, 1.30]
Religion
 Christian 1.00 1.00
 Muslim 1.12* [1.02, 1.22] 1.31*** [1.14, 1.50]
 No religion 1.30 [0.93, 1.81] 1.28 [0.99, 1.66]
Urban–rural residence
 Urban 1.00 1.00
 Rural 2.18*** [2.02, 2.36] 2.10*** [1.77, 2.48]
Marital status
 Never married 1.00 1.00
 Currently married 1.37*** [1.27, 1.47] 1.17* [1.04, 1.31]
 Formerly married 1.25*** [1.13, 1.37] 1.24 [0.94, 1.64]
Age of respondents 1.01*** [1.01, 1.01] 1.00 [0.99, 1.01]
Educational background
 No education 1.00 1.00
 Primary education 0.72*** [0.66, 0.78] 0.49*** [0.41, 0.59]
 Secondary/higher education 0.25*** [0.23, 0.28] 0.17*** [0.14, 0.21]
Wealth status
 Poorest 1.00 1.00
 Poorer 0.89** [0.83, 0.96] 0.77*** [0.67, 0.89]
 Middle 0.81*** [0.75, 0.88] 0.72*** [0.63, 0.82]
 Richer 0.68*** [0.63, 0.74] 0.53*** [0.46, 0.62]
 Richest 0.39*** [0.36, 0.43] 0.34*** [0.29, 0.39]
Currently working
 No 1.00 1.00
 Yes 1.05 [0.99, 1.11] 1.07 [0.99, 1.17]
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. Odds ratios adjusted for clustering; 95% confidence intervals in brackets