Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Multivariate analysis of misconceptions about HIV transmission among women in Malawi

From: Persistent misconceptions about HIV transmission among males and females in Malawi

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR [95 % CI] OR [95 % CI] OR [95 % CI]
ABC prevention knowledge 0.81*** [0.79, 0.83] 0.83*** [0.81, 0.86] 0.85*** [0.83, 0.87]
Have been tested for AIDS
 No 1.00   1.00 1.00
 Yes 0.88*** [0.83, 0.92] 0.76*** [0.71, 0.82] 0.85*** [0.79, 0.91]
Region of residence
 Northern    1.00 1.00
 Central    0.59*** [0.51, 0.68] 0.54*** [0.47, 0.63]
 Southern    0.53*** [0.47, 0.59] 0.49*** [0.43, 0.55]
Ethnicity
 Tumbuka    1.00 1.00
 Chewa    1.01 [0.86, 1.18] 0.83* [0.70, 0.98]
 Lomwe    0.85 [0.74, 0.99] 0.75*** [0.64, 0.88]
 Tonga    0.68*** [0.58, 0.80] 0.63*** [0.54, 0.74]
 Yao    0.80* [0.67, 0.96] 0.69*** [0.57, 0.83]
 Sena    0.88 [0.72, 1.08] 0.67*** [0.54, 0.80]
 Ngori    0.83** [0.72, 0.96] 0.71*** [0.61, 0.83]
 Others    0.86* [0.76, 0.98] 0.73*** [0.64, 0.82]
Religion
 Christian    1.00 1.00
 Muslim    1.34*** [1.18, 1.51] 1.22*** [1.08, 1.38]
 No religion    1.24 [0.90, 1.72] 1.04 [0.76, 1.44]
Urban–rural residence
 Urban    1.00 1.00
 Rural    2.03*** [1.86, 2.22] 1.29*** [1.16, 1.42]
Marital status
 Never married    1.00 1.00
 Currently married    1.40*** [1.26, 1.55] 1.12* [1.01, 1.25]
 Formerly married    1.29*** [1.13, 1.47] 1.00 [0.88, 1.13]
Age of respondents    1.01*** [1.00, 1.02] 1.00 [0.99, 1.00]
Educational background
 No education      1.00
 Primary education      0.70*** [0.65, 0.77]
 Secondary/higher education      0.30*** [0.27, 0.33]
Wealth status
 Poorest      1.00
 Poorer      0.89** [0.82, 0.96]
 Middle      0.83*** [0.76, 0.91]
 Richer      0.75*** [0.68, 0.82]
 Richest      0.61*** [0.55, 0.67]
Currently working
 No      1.00
 Yes      1.05 [0.99, 1.12]
Total 22,489   22,489 22,489  
Log Pseudo-likelihood −15,312   −14,903 −14,505  
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. Odds ratios adjusted for clustering; 95% confidence intervals in brackets