Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Multivariate analysis of misconceptions about HIV transmission among men in Malawi

From: Persistent misconceptions about HIV transmission among males and females in Malawi

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR [95 % CI] OR [95 % CI] OR [95 % CI]
ABC prevention knowledge 0.83*** [0.79, 0.88] 0.84*** [0.79, 0.89] 0.85*** [0.80, 0.90]
Have been tested for AIDS
 No 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Yes 0.78*** [0.71, 0.86] 0.74*** [0.68, 0.82] 0.88** [0.80, 0.96]
Region of residence
 Northern    1.00 1.00
 Central    0.57*** [0.46, 0.71] 0.53*** [0.43, 0.65]
 Southern    0.47*** [0.37, 0.60] 0.43*** [0.35, 0.54]
Ethnicity
 Tumbuka    1.00 1.00
 Chewa    1.14 [0.89, 1.47] 0.94 [0.73, 1.21]
 Lomwe    1.18 [0.91, 1.54] 1.06 [0.81, 1.40]
 Tonga    0.80 [0.61, 1.05] 0.80 [0.61, 1.05]
 Yao    1.18 [0.84, 1.66] 1.10 [0.76, 1.57]
 Sena    1.20 [0.82, 1.77] 1.03 [0.70, 1.52]
 Ngori    1.17 [0.85, 1.62] 1.07 [0.77, 1.49]
 Others    1.08 [0.87, 1.33] 0.94 [0.75, 1.17]
Religion
 Christian    1.00 1.00
 Muslim    1.49*** [1.21, 1.84] 1.22 [0.98, 1.53]
 No religion    1.15 [0.88, 1.52] 0.91 [0.69, 1.21]
Urban–rural residence
 Urban    1.00 1.00
 Rural    2.02*** [1.70, 2.41] 1.22* [1.01, 1.48]
Marital status
 Never married    1.00 1.00
 Currently married    1.28** [1.07, 1.52] 1.14 [0.95, 1.37]
 Formerly married    1.33 [0.96, 1.83] 1.06 [0.77, 1.46]
 Age of respondents    1.00 [0.99, 1.00] 0.99 [0.99, 1.00]
Educational background
 No education      1.00  
 Primary education      0.51*** [0.43, 0.61]
 Secondary/higher education      0.21*** [0.17, 0.26]
Wealth status
 Poorest      1.00  
 Poorer      0.84* [0.74, 0.96]
 Middle      0.79*** [0.69, 0.90]
 Richer      0.66*** [0.56, 0.77]
 Richest      0.58*** [0.51, 0.67]
Currently working
 No      1.00
 Yes      1.02 [0.91, 1.15]
Total 6,978   6,978   6,978  
Log Pseudo-likelihood −4,563   −4,463   −4,289  
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. Odds ratios adjusted for clustering; 95% confidence intervals in brackets