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Table 1 Focus Group Participant Socio-demographic Characteristics

From: “It’s for us –newcomers, LGBTQ persons, and HIV-positive persons. You feel free to be”: a qualitative study exploring social support group participation among African and Caribbean lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender newcomers and refugees in Toronto, Canada

Characteristic Mean (SD) or Frequency* (%)
Age (n = 26) 30.5 years (8.0)
Born in Canada (No) 100 %
Country of Birth (n = 27)
 African region 8 (29.6 %)
 Caribbean region 19 (70.4 %)
Immigration Status
 Permanent resident 2 (6.9 %)
 Visitor visa 1 (3.4 %)
 Student visa 1 (3.4 %)
 Refugee 23 (79.3 %)
 Overstay (non-status) 2 (6.9 %)
Highest Level of Education (n = 28)
 Less than high school 1 (3.6 %)
 Completed high school 6 (21.4 %)
 Some college 7 (25.0 %)
 Some university 3 (10.7 %)
 Completed university degree (Bachelors) 6 (21.4 %)
 Completed graduate degree 5 (17.9 %)
Employment Status (n = 28)
 Employed full-time 2 (7.1 %)
 Employed part-time 2 (7.1 %)
 Not employed: looking for work 5 (17.9 %)
 Not employed: a student 2 (7.1 %)
 Social assistance (ODSP, OW) 14 (50.0 %)
 Unemployed 3 (10.7 %)
Annual Income (n = 16) $13, 493 ($6984)
Sexual Orientation (n = 28)
 Heterosexual 1 (3.6 %)
 Bisexual 12 (42.9 %)
 Lesbian 5 (17.9 %)
 Gay 9 (32.1 %)
 Other 1 (3.6 %)
Gender Identity
 Cisgender male 15 (51.7 %)
 Cisgender female 11 (37.9 %)
 Transgender 3 (10.3 %)
Support Group(s) Attended (n = 28)
 Rainbow Sistahs 3 (10.7 %)
 Foreign Integration 18 (64.3 %)
 Both support groups 7 (25.0 %)
  1. *All variables are for n = 29 unless otherwise noted due to missing data