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Table 3 Sub-distribution hazard ratio (SHR) and 95% CI for SHR obtained from the Fine-Gray models for infant mortality due to different causesa

From: Fine and Gray competing risk regression model to study the cause-specific under-five child mortality in Bangladesh

Causes of infant mortality Disease Non-disease Other causes
Covariates SHR 95% CI of SHR SHR 95% CI of SHR SHR 95% CI of SHR
Age of mother at birth
 Age < 20
 Age 20–30
 Age> 30
1.35
Ref
0.89–2.03 1.33
Ref
0.72–2.43 2.24**
Ref
1.32–3.79
1.10 0.69–1.71 1.49 0.75–2.94 0.71 0.33–1.49
Region
 Barisal
 Chittagong
 Dhaka
 Khulna
 Rajshahi
 Rangpur
 Sylhet
Ref   Ref   Ref  
0.70
1.09
1.10
1.09
0.87
1.60
0.38–1.28
1.21–3.76
0.59–2.04
0.58–2.02
0.47–1.62
0.93–2.74
0.79
0.73
0.66
0.89
0.73
0.98
0.38–1.61
0.33–1.57
0.28–1.52
0.40–1.94
0.32–1.62
0.46–2.04
0.72
0.86
0.46
1.14
0.75
1.13
0.32–1.56
0.39–1.86
0.16–1.33
0.52–2.46
0.32–1.70
0.53–2.41
Mother's education level
 No education
  Primary
  Secondary
  Higher
Ref   Ref   Ref  
0.81
0.70
0.58
0.54–1.21
0.43–1.10
0.23–1.41
1.74
2.09*
1.00
0.83–3.62
0.99–4.37
0.28–3.52
0.48***
0.29***
0.14***
0.28–0.81
0.15–0.52
0.02–0.62
Wealth index
 Poor
 Middle
 Rich
1.00
Ref
0.68–1.47 1.48
Ref
0.77–2.80 0.95
Ref
0.52–1.73
0.69 0.44–1.07 1.60 0.85–3.01 1.29 0.70–2.36
Birth order number
 First birth
 Others
1.03
Ref
0.67–1.58 1.57
Ref
0.87–2.79 1.21
Ref
0.69–2.08
Gender of child
 Male
 Female
1.28
Ref
0.95–1.71 1.68*
Ref
1.09–2.57 1.22
Ref
0.80–1.83
NGO membership of mother
 Yes
 No
1.18
Ref
0.88–1.58 1.84**
Ref
1.18–2.82 1.57*
Ref
1.01–2.42
Size of child at birth
 Average/large
 Small
0.67*
Ref
0.47–0.93 0.47***
Ref
0.29–0.73 0.74
Ref
0.45–1.21
  1. Ref: reference category, ***p-value<0.001, **p-value<0.01, *p-value<0.05, acauses given in introduction