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Table 1 Impoverishing impact of OOP healthcare payments in Ghana, 2005/2006*

From: Assessing the impoverishment effects of out-of-pocket healthcare payments prior to the uptake of the national health insurance scheme in Ghana

  Poverty line-$1.25/day Poverty line-$2.50/day
National Gross of health payment Net of health payment Absolute Relative Gross of health payment Net of health payment Absolute Relative
Poverty headcount 17.04% 18.64% 1.59% 9.35% 48.02% 49.85% 1.83% 3.82%
Standard error 0.00944 0.00998 0.00194   0.01324 0.01323 0.00182  
Poverty gap 90925.73 129776.3 38850.56 42.73% 651869.7 720124.1 68254.3 10.47%
Standard error 6223.579 13588.53 11871.4   24709.07 28546.66 12477.93  
Normalized poverty gap 5.36% 7.65% 2.29% 42.73% 19.20% 21.21% 2.01% 10.47%
Standard error 0.00367 0.00800 0.00699   0.00728 0.00841 0.00368  
Normalized mean poverty gap 31.43% 41.02% 9.59% 30.52% 39.99% 42.55% 2.56% 6.41%
Standard error 0.01169 0.03840   0.00757 0.01031  
  1. *At the time of data collection the cedi (¢) was being denominated meaning the new Ghana cedi denoted Gh¢ had four zeros knocked off; 1Ghc = 10,000 ¢ (the old currency). The interbank exchange rate was 7000¢ =1US$ = 0.7Gh¢. The old cedi (¢) is used throughout the paper