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Table 1 Impact of physician density level on targeted outcomes, 205 countries and territories excluding San Marino, Spain and Timor-Leste, 2004–2014, unadjusted and adjusted mixed effect models results

From: Analysis of the association between millennium development goals 4 & 5 and the physician workforce across international economic strata

Outcome variable Poisson regression
Unadjusted Adjusteda
Relative risk (p-value) Confidence interval Relative risk (p-value) Confidence interval
MMR Un-Vaccination Rateb 0.293 (<0.0001) 0.222–0.387 0.346 (0.0002) 0.200–0.600
DTaP Un-Vaccination Rateb 0.385 (<0.0001) 0.287–0.517 0.373 (0.0009) 0.211–0.659
Neonatal Mortality Rate 0.588 (<0.001) 0.548–0.632 0.753 (<0.0001) 0.688–0.824
Under-5 Mortality Rate 0.521 (<0.0001) 0.480–0.564 0.675 (<0.0001) 0.610–0.747
Maternal Mortality Rate 0.766 (<0.0001) 0.743–0.790 0.858 (<0.0001) 0.823–0.894
  1. aThe confounding effects of country income level, female literacy rate, gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, and percent urban population were adjusted
  2. bThe regression was performed over all countries with the average number of physicians per 1000 population less than or equal to 2 from 2004 to 2014