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Table 1 Frequency of health problems among migrant and non-migrant adults (14–65 years) in southern India, 2013 (n = 1217)

From: Determinants of internal migrant health and the healthy migrant effect in South India: a mixed methods study

  Prevalence among females (n = 581) Prevalence among males (n = 636)  
  < 40 years ≥40 years <40 years ≥ 40 years  
Disease Category Prevalence among migrants (n = 13) Prevalence among non-migrants (n = 395) Prevalence among migrants (n = 4) Prevalence among non-migrants (n = 169) Prevalence among migrants (n = 174) Prevalence among non-migrants (n = 250) Prevalence among migrants (n = 14) Prevalence among non-migrants (n = 198) Overall prevalence
(n = 1217)
Connective tissues 1 (7.69%) 15 (3.80%) 1 (25.0%) 31 (18.34%) 13 (7.47%)* 5 (2.0%) 2 (14.29%) 47 (23.74%) 115 (9.45%)
Nervous/sense organs 1 (7.69%) 13 (3.29%) 0 22 (13.02%) 6 (3.45%) 9 (3.60%) 1 (7.14%) 16 (8.08%) 68 (5.59%)
Circulatory/respiratory 0 1 (0.25%) 0 15 (8.88%) 4 (2.30%) 2 (0.80%) 3 (21.43%) 11 (5.56%) 36 (2.96%)
Digestive 1 (7.69%) 6 (1.52%) 0 6 (3.55%) 3 (1.72%) 7 (2.80%) 0 6 (3.30%) 29 (2.38%)
Injury/poisoning 0 0 0 2 (1.18%) 4 (2.30%) 4 (1.60%) 1 (7.14%) 7 (3.54%) 18 (1.48%)
Diabetes 0 0 0 4 (2.37%) 0 3 (1.20%) 0 10 (5.05%) 17 (1.40%)
Infective/parasitic 0 2 (0.51%) 0 1 (0.59%) 6 (3.45%)* 1 (0.40%) 0 2 (1.01%) 12 (0.99%)
Reproductive health 0 11 (2.78%) 0 1 (0.59%) 0 0 0 0 12 (0.99%)
Skin 0 4 (1.01%) 0 1 (0.59%) 4 (2.30%)* 0 2 (14.29%) 1 (0.51%) 12 (0.99%)
Ill-defined 0 2 (0.51%) 0 3 (1.78%) 0 0 0 0 5 (0.41%)
Genito-urinary 0 1 (0.25%) 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 (0.08%)
Totals 3 (23.08%) 55 (13.92%) 1 (25.0%) 86 (50.89%) 40 (22.99%) 31 (12.4%) 9 (64.29%) 100 (50.51%) 325 (26.71%)
  1. *p < 0.05 based on Fisher’s exact test