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Table 2 Summary of characteristics of included studies

From: Should community health workers offer support healthcare services to survivors of sexual violence? a systematic review

Author, Year Country Study design Number of survivors Age of survivors Socio-demographics characteristics of survivors Type of services received by survivors Community health workers (CHWs) service model Number of community health workers
Kohli, 2012 [49] Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Observational: Longitudinal follow-up for one month 657 survivors received medical treatment 0.9% below 20 years, 59.6% above 40 years Females, 3.7% single, 61.9% married, 19.8% separated & 14.6% widowed Treatment for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other diseases, HIV testing, psychosocial support General CHWs attached to a mobile clinic Not reported
Tanabe, 2013 [52] Burma Qualitative: Focus group discussions with CHWs, traditional birth attendants & community members No survivor presented No survivor presented No survivor presented Medical treatment of STIs, pregnancy prevention, wound care, psychosocial support & referral Specialised CHWs providing mobile maternal health care at the community level & trained to provide sexual violence care Not reported
Barron, 2013 [47] Scotland Mixed methods: Experimental pre- & post-test design;
Qualitative in-depth interviews
20 included in the study 6–13 years Intervention group: 4 males, 6 females; comparison group 10 females Small group training- 4 lessons of 50 min duration on child sexual abuse prevention aVolunteer workers trained in delivering the programme 3 females
Merkin, 1995 [50] United States of America b Qualitative: Observations, informal conversations 225 cases 4–76 years: (205 adults & 20 children) 204 females & 21 males; 197 deaf & 28 deaf-blind Crisis intervention, medico-legal & social support aVolunteer workers trained in gender-based violence & in supporting survivors 18 females & 2 males
Rossman, 1999 [51] United States of America b Qualitative: Observations, informal conversations Not reported Not reported Not reported Psychosocial support aVolunteer workers attached to a community treatment centre Not reported
Zraly, 2011 [53] Rwanda Qualitative semi-structured interviews 44 interviewees Not reported Females Individual & group counselling aPeer survivor trained in counselling One female
Itzhaky, 2001 [48] Israel Qualitative in-depth interviews & observations 15 child sexual abuse cases identified Children, age not reported Children Counselling aVolunteer community workers Not reported
  1. aVolunteers trained to deliver the specific programme but not typical community health workers
  2. bStudies did not describe a data collection method such as in-depth interviews or focus group discussions