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Table 5 Summary of characteristics of different models of CHWs services for sexual violence

From: Should community health workers offer support healthcare services to survivors of sexual violence? a systematic review

  Socio-demographic characteristics of CHWs Selection of CHWs Training of CHWs Roles CHWs Mode of service delivery Population served
Kohli, 2012 [49] Democratic Republic of Congo Not documented Respected community members known for supporting neighbours to deal with loss of family, rejection and stigma due to sexual violence. Training in the provision of ethical, compassionate and competent care for GBV survivors. Identify & build relationships with survivors & educate them on available services; assist providers in prioritising services; spread the word throughout the village about the mobile clinic visit schedule & encourage women and others to attend General CHWs attached to a mobile clinic All survivors of sexual violence
Tanabe, 2013 [52] Burma Not documented Highest cadre of CHWs- previously trained to provide reproductive health services 5 days training on care of SV survivors, 3 day refresher training every 6 months Conducting medical examination, treatment or preventive treatment for STIs, emergency contraception, care of wounds, supportive counselling & referral Specialised CHWs providing mobile maternal health care at the community level No survivors presented during the study period
Barron, 2013 [47] Scotland 3 Female; 20–30 years; working class; adult survivors of child sexual abuse Not documented Trained & experienced in delivering the programme- training details not given Facilitate small group training sessions Volunteer workers delivering group training Children
Merkin, 1995 [50] United States of America 18 female & 2 male Rigorous screening including an interview to determine suitability 50-h training on gender-based violence & programme delivery; continuous monthly meetings & trainings Receive calls on the crisis line, educating victims, accompany victims to hospital & police Volunteer workers attached to a crisis centre All survivors both male and female who are deaf & deaf-blind
Rossman, 1999 [51] United States of America Not documented Not documented Not documented Setting up counselling appointments; provide emotional support to the victims Volunteer advocates attached to a community treatment centre Not documented
Zraly, 2011 [53] Rwanda Female Not documented 12 weeks theory & 250 h of supervised practice on trauma counselling Providing individual & group counselling; assisting with setting up peer support associations Members of survivor support associations trained to provide counselling Adult female
Itzhaky, 2001 [48] Israel Not documented Not documented Workshop-type training on child abuse & incest Identified cases of abused children, conducted community awareness and group trainings Community workers/activists not affiliated to the health system Children