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Table 1 Characteristics of the Slums Studied

From: Patterns of illness disclosure among Indian slum dwellers: a qualitative study

  Kolkata Bangalore
Name of the slum Motijheel Slum (Core urban slum) SahidSmriti Colony (Peri-urban slum) Nakkle-Bande (Core urban slum) UllaluUpanagar (Peri-urban slum)
Number of households 6000 2570 650 1500
Location Highly congested slum Sprawling slum surrounded by marshy land Partly congested Lots of space and barren land
Age of the slum (in years) 75 25 40 15
Origin of the population Sub-urban Kolkata, Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat Sub-urban Kolkata, Bangladesh, urban Kolkata Sub-urban Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, AndhraPradesh Displaced people from Bangalore city, rural Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
Social groups Scheduled Caste and General Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and General Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and General Scheduled Caste and General
Religion Hindus (25%), Muslims (70%), Christians (5%) Hindus (65%), Muslims (25%), Christians (10%) Hindus (70%), Muslims (20%), Christians (10%) Hindus (65%), Muslims (25%), Christians (10%)
Streets and roads Maze-like alleys, paved Simple streets, non-web and paved;bystreets, unpaved Zigzagging, paved and non-spacious streets Quite spacious, partly unpaved and partly paved
Type of houses Puccaa and semi-puccahouses Kuccha,b semi-puccacand pucca houses Pucca houses with three storeys Kuccha, semi-pucca and pucca houses
Water supply Thirtyto forty households with common pipedwater connection supplied by municipality Hand pumps, ponds, few private tap connections and some public water taps Private piped connectionsas well as public water connections for five families per street Public water collection taps and few private piped connections; unplanned setup of all the water pipes, mostly located within the drains and sometimes with leakage, allowing the waste water to enter the pipes
Drainage Both open and covered drainage Unplanned and unsystematic open drainage within the slum Underground drainage (in some places unplanned and unsystematic) No proper drainage systems; waste water runs in both corners of the street
Toilet facilities Approx. 40 households forone common toilet Individual toilets Individual toilets and two government-supplied community pay-and-use toilets Few individual toilets and a public toilet run by a private organisation
Healthcare infrastructure Two public hospitals, three private hospitals, two anganwadis, four medical clinics, six paramedical clinics, thirteen homeopathy clinics, two ayurveda clinics, one primary health centre, three midwives One public and one private hospital, one anganwadi, two medical clinics, four paramedical clinics, seven homeopathy clinics, four ayurveda clinics, four midwives, thirteen traditional medicine men Three general hospitals, two anganwadis, four nursing homes, seven maternity hospitals, two super-speciality hospitals, one cardiac and one orthopaedic hospital, twenty-sevenprivate clinics, one traditional medicine man, two ayurveda and four homeopathy clinics One primary health centre, two anganwadis, nearest public hospital fifteen kilometres away, ten medical clinics, three midwives
  1. Source: Author’s own calculations
  2. aThese houses are made for permanence and are built of substantial materials such as stone, brick, cement, concrete, iron, timber, and so on
  3. bThese crude houses are made on a temporary basis with wood, mud, straw and dry leaves
  4. cThese houses cannot be classified as either a permanentor a temporary structure. They have fixed walls made of solid materials, but their roof is made of the materials used in temporary houses