|Barriers to being||Rights afforded under the UNCRC (1989)||Rights afforded under the UNCRPD (2006)|
|Exposure to/fear of violent assault, abduction & murder||
➢ Right to life, survive & develop (6)|
➢ Protection from violence, abuse & neglect (19).
➢ Governments must protect children from being abducted, sold or moved illegally for the purpose of exploitation (35).
➢ Children who have experienced abuses must receive support to help them recover (39).
➢ Right to live (10).|
➢ Governments must take all necessary measures to ensure the protection & safety of people with disabilities in situations of risk (11).
➢ Right to freedom from exploitation, violence & abuse (16).
|Effects of discrimination & stigmatisation||➢ Right to live full & decent lives with dignity & as far as possible, independence & to play an active role in their community (23).||
➢ Right to equality & non-discrimination & equal protection & benefit of the law (5).|
➢ Governments must raise awareness of the capabilities of disabled people & challenge discrimination & prejudice (8).
➢ Right to live independently in & be included in the community 19).
|Effects of segregation from family &/or community & lack of freedom of movement||➢ If a child is place away from home for the purposes of protection they have the right to regular review of their care & circumstances (25).||
➢ Right to access all aspects of society on an equal basis (9).|
Right to liberty & security of person (14).
|Impact on family life & friendships||➢ Children must not be separated from parents against their will unless it is in their best interests (9).||➢ Children with disabilities have equal rights to family life and to prevent concealment, abandonment, neglect and segregation (23)|
|Inadequate health protection & health support||➢ Governments must provide good quality health care & education on health & wellbeing (22).||➢ Right to highest attainable standard of health without discrimination (25).|
|Inadequate health information on the causes & effects of albinism||➢ Right to reliable information from a range of sources (17).|
|Lack of access to justice & few convictions of perpetrators of violence||➢ People with disabilities should have effective access to justice (13).|
|Lack of voice on issues affecting children with albinism||➢ Right to express their views, feelings & wishes in all matters affecting them & to have their views considered & taken seriously (12).||
➢ Right to express their views on all matters affecting them (7).|
➢ Right to express themselves & access information (21).