Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics of the participants, Gamo Gofa Zone, 2014

From: Socioeconomic and environmental determinants of under-five mortality in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia: a matched case control study

Characteristics Survival status of the child P-value* Total n(%)
Dead n(%) Alive n(%)
Sex of the child
 Male 210(55.1) 382(50.1) 0.112 592(51.8)
 Female 171(44.9) 380(49.9) 551(48.2)
Maternal age
 < 18 year 7(1.8) 12(1.6) 0.257 19(1.7)
 18-35 year 332(87.1) 688(90.3) 1020(89.2)
 > 35 year 42(11.0) 62(8.1) 104(9.1)
Mother Religion
 Protestant 251(65.9) 517(67.8) 0.797 768(67.2)
 Orthodox 115(30.2) 216(28.3) 331(29.0)
 Others 15(3.9) 29(3.8) 44(3.8)
Mother education
 No formal education 210(55.1) 362(47.5) < 0.001 572(50.0)
 Grade1–6 106(27.8) 188(24.7) 294(25.7)
 Grade7–8 25(6.6) 80(10.5) 105(9.2)
 Grade 9 and above 40(10.5) 132(17.3) 172(15.0)
Mother ethnicity
 Gamo 286(75.1) 571(74.9) 0.990 857(75.0)
 Gofa 8(2.1) 20(2.6) 28(2.4)
 Wolayta 26(6.8) 52(6.8) 78(6.8)
 Zeyse 37(9.7) 78(10.2) 115(10.1)
 Amhara 6(1.6) 19(2.5) 25(2.2)
 Others 18(4.7) 22(2.9) 40(3.5)
Mother Occupation
 Farmer 22(5.8) 35(4.6) 0.384 57(5.0)
 House wife 264(69.3) 539(70.7) 803(70.3)
 Gov’t employee 14(3.7) 36(4.7) 50(4.4)
 Merchant 36(9.4) 84(11.0) 120(10.5)
 Others 45(11.8) 68(8.9) 113(9.9)
Marital status
 Married 358(94.0) 731(95.9) 0.102 1089(95.3)
 Single 11(2.9) 21(2.8) 32(2.8)
 Others(separated/divorced or widowed) 12(3.1) 10(1.3) 22(1.9)
Husband occupation
 Farmer 190(50.1) 433(56.8) < 0.001 623(54.5)
 Gov’t or NGO employee 34(8.9) 96(12.6) 130(11.4)
 Merchant or self-employee 33(8.7) 73(9.6) 106(9.3)
 Daily laborer 66(17.3) 61(8.0) 127(11.1)
 Student 6(1.6) 15(2.0) 21(1.8)
 Others 29(7.6) 53(7.0) 82(7.2)
 No husband 23(6.0) 31(4.1) 54(4.7)
Maternal power
 Poor 160 (42.0) 290(38.1) 0.380 450(39.4)
 Average 19(5.0) 35(4.6) 54(4.7)
 Good 202(53.0) 437(57.3) 639(55.9)
Wealth index of the household
 Poor 159(41.7) 298(39.1) < 0.001 457(40.0)
 Average 98(25.7) 136(17.8) 234(20.5)
 Rich 124(32.5) 328(43.0) 452(39.5)
  1. *The p-values are determined using Pearson chi-square