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Table 2 Association of Socioeconomic-demographic characteristics (distal factors) with child mortality, Gamo Gofa Zone, 2014

From: Socioeconomic and environmental determinants of under-five mortality in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia: a matched case control study

Characteristics Categories Under-fivea Infantsa
AOR [95% Conf. Interval AOR [95% Conf. Interval
Sex of the child Male Ref      
Female 0.76 0.57 1.02 0.75 0.52 1.08
Mother’s religion Protestant Ref      
Orthodox 1.27 0.86 1.87 1.10 0.67 1.79
Others 1.19 0.53 2.67 1.40 0.41 4.71
Mother’s Ethnicity Gamo Ref      
Zeyse 1.09 0.38 3.17 0.62 0.14 2.82
Wolayta 1.08 0.48 2.40 0.66 0.25 1.76
Others 1.66 0.87 3.18 1.37 0.63 2.98
Mother’s education No formal education Ref      
Grade1–6 0.95 0.63 1.43 0.97 0.57 1.65
Grade7–8 0.67 0.35 1.31 0.69 0.31 1.56
Grade 9 and above 0.34 0.16 0.72 0.37 0.15 0.91
Mother’s Occupation Farmer Ref      
House Wife 0.70 0.32 1.52 0.59 0.25 1.38
Gov’t employee 0.57 0.12 2.76 0.80 0.14 4.61
Merchant 0.50 0.20 1.28 0.43 0.15 1.28
Others 1.31 0.44 3.90 1.10 0.33 3.66
Marital status Married Ref      
Single 1.22 0.42 3.54 0.49 0.11 2.30
Others(separated/divorced or widowed) 3.60 1.23 10.47 6.68 1.81 24.71
Husband occupation Farmer Ref      
Gov’t employee 0.70 0.31 1.55 0.78 0.30 2.03
Merchant 1.84 0.92 3.66 1.43 0.66 3.08
Daily laborer 2.34 1.29 4.23 1.79 0.86 3.74
Student 1.27 0.42 3.87 1.47 0.32 6.77
Others 1.67 0.86 3.24 1.54 0.69 3.44
Wealth index of Household Rich Ref      
Average 1.49 0.85 2.62 1.51 0.74 3.07
Poor 1.52 0.93 2.48 1.75 0.97 3.16
Number of individuals living in the house 0.94 0.87 1.03 0.93 0.83 1.03
Maternal power Poor Ref      
Average 1.48 0.69 3.19 1.88 0.80 4.44
Good 0.91 0.65 1.28 0.89 0.57 1.38
  1. aAdjusted for all variables in the table and all bold values are statistically significant at 0.05