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Table 3 Association between environmental contamination factors & under-five mortality, Gamo Gofa Zone, 2014

From: Socioeconomic and environmental determinants of under-five mortality in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia: a matched case control study

Characteristics Under-fivea Infantsb
AOR [95% Conf. Interval] AOR [95% Conf. Interval]
The house has window
 Yes RF      
 No 0.74 0.45 1.23 0.75 0.40 1.40
Did animals live with people
 Yes Ref      
 No 1.17 0.72 1.92 1.07 0.60 1.90
Had separate kitchen
 Yes Ref      
 No 1.77 1.16 2.70 1.94 1.13 3.33
Type of latrine the family had
 No latrine Ref      
 Pit latrine 1.03 0.60 1.76 1.04 0.51 2.11
 VIP/Flush 1.37 0.50 3.73 1.04 0.30 3.65
Main source of water
 Tap Ref      
 Protected well/spring 0.92 0.51 1.66 1.48 0.69 3.20
 Unprotected well/spring/river/pond 1.02 0.61 1.72 1.26 0.63 2.52
Source of light of the household
 Other than electricity Ref      
 Electricity 0.87 0.48 1.57 0.47 0.23 0.99
  1. aBesides variables in the table adjusted for sex of the child, mother’s education, wealth index, husband occupation and marital status of the mother
  2. bBesides the variables in the table adjusted for sex of the child, mother’s education, wealth index and marital status of the mother and all bold values are statistically significant at 0.05