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Table 5 Sub-human vs Human construct: Discrimination√Inclusion

From: Persons with disabilities as experts-by experience: using personal narratives to affect community attitudes in Kilifi, Kenya

Sub-human Human
Discrimination Discounted Valued Inclusion
‘They view the child as something that was not lucky to be born that they did not have any need for it. The child is valueless in the family.’ [CHW3–1] ‘So she can fry the fish but at the end of the day the fish will not be bought.’ [WG4–1] ‘He did pass through a lot of problems because when a visitor arrived at their home he was not allowed to come to the sitting room.’ [CHW6–1] ‘....we are supposed to love them,’ [WG7–2] ‘….maybe we buy them T-shirts for each and let them wear them. This is showing them love. At least they will see; that is to start with.’ [CHW5–2] ‘… these people do not deserve to be discriminated. They need to be loved; care for them like others….’ [CHW10–2] ‘Eating together with the disabled… one parent might say, ‘Look! My child is eating with those people; he is not as I was thinking about.’ [CHW3–2]
Abuse Acceptance
‘She was raped and then later on she was taken to the hospital..’ [CHW2–1] ‘They use the child in a bad way because he is the one who plays the drum when there are drunkards at their place...’ [CHW6–1] ‘… other people are not welcoming in their houses …. chasing him away or even beating him up.’ [CHW11–1] ‘When he went out to play with the other children he was beaten up a lot …….’ [CHW6–1] ‘We should sensitize the community that what we do to the non-disabled, we should do the same to the disabled.’ [WG1–2] ‘the community should be made aware that the disabled are part and parcel of the community. So the most important thing is to accept them and that he was born with that condition and that he is like any other child in the family.’ [CHW4–2]