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Table 2 Association between child and mothers’ characteristics, geographic location and delivery characteristics by birth registration status

From: Registered or unregistered? Levels and differentials in registration and certification of births in Ghana

Variable (Chi-square test statistic)p-value Neither registered nor has a birth certificate Birth registered without a birth certificate Registered and has a birth certificate
Age of child (210.64)***
 0 40.74 20.53 38.73
 1 25.62 14.80 59.58
 2 23.57 11.77 64.65
 3 25.95 11.04 63.01
 4 17.75 15.2 67.06
Sex of child (0.24) ns
 Male 28.75 15.65 55.60
 Female 29.04 15.10 55.86
Age of mother (90.83)***
 15–19 53.16 15.09 31.75
 20–24 34.22 17.87 47.91
 25–29 29.04 14.29 56.67
 30–34 24.91 14.84 60.25
 35–39 24.41 15.87 59.72
 40–44 26.59 13.61 59.79
 45–49 30.09 17.94 51.97
Mother's level of education (152.20)***
 No education 33.52 20.14 46.35
 Primary 37.95 13.94 48.1
 Middle/JSS 25.04 14.94 60.02
 Secondary/SHS 21.77 12.36 65.87
 Higher 13.37 5.04 81.59
Mother's marital status (23.13)*
 Never married 39.55 12.41 48.04
 Currently married 27.58 15.69 56.73
 Formerly married 31.92 15.28 52.8
Place of residence (202.059)***
 Urban 20.76 11.45 67.78
 Rural 35.83 18.74 45.43
Region (393.19)***
 Western 37.15 6.43 56.42
 Central 19.82 28.35 51.84
 Greater Accra 18.66 8.639 72.71
 Volta 49.64 7.956 42.40
 Eastern 36.98 8.64 54.38
 Ashanti 19.28 15.26 65.46
 Brong Ahafo 41.83 15.27 42.89
 Northern 30.26 25.88 43.86
 Upper East 29.02 20.38 50.60
 Upper West 22.37 31.05 46.58
Wealth quintile (393.19)***
 Poorest 40.71 21.4 37.89
 Poorer 39.43 17.14 43.42
 Middle 30.3 14.62 55.08
 Richer 19.91 13.41 66.67
 Richest 12.27 9.61 78.12
Place of delivery (192.42)***
 Home 42.15 20.39 37.46
 Public health facility 24.96 14.19 60.85
 Private health facility 20.77 10.14 69.09
Assistance at delivery (218.53)***
 Medical officer 24.59 13.74 61.66
 TBA 36.55 25.14 38.31
 Other 50.54 15.14 34.32
 No one 50.83 10.51 38.66
Total (%, weighted n) 28.89 (1121) 15.38 (597) 55.73 (2162)
  1. ns not significant
  2. *p < 0.05, ***p < 0.001