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Table 9 Fully modified ordinary least squares test (with total factor productivity)

From: Health expenditure, child and maternal mortality nexus: a comparative global analysis

Income groups Independent variables IMR MMR U5MR LFE
Coef. SE Coef. SE Coef. SE Coef. SE
LY HEPC −0.02 0.03 −0.59* 0.29 0.24* 0.06 0.04* 0.01
TFP 0.77* 0.03 −1.12* 0.04 −0.32* 0.08 0.74* 0.02
LM HEPC −0.03* 0.00 0.01 0.04 −0.04* 0.01 0.02* 0.002
TFP 0.18* 0.02 0.29* 0.02 0.46* 0.03 0.18* 0.009
HM HEPC −0.01* 0.00 0.03* 0.003 −0.02* 0.00 −0.003 0.001
TFP −0.16* 0.12 0.15* 0.06 −0.17* 0.02 −0.14 0.014
HY HEPC −0.00 0.00 0.001* 0.00 −0.00* 0.00 0.003 0.000
TFP −0.18* 0.00 −0.30* 0.01 −0.22* 0.01 −0.59 0.012
  1. Notes: * Indicates significant at 5% confidence interval. Coef. indicates the coefficients and SE is the standard error. Lag orders were chosen using AIC criterion