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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of municipal police officers by arrest for syringe possession in last 6 months (N = 1044)a

From: Factors associated with extrajudicial arrest for syringe possession: results of a department-wide survey of municipal police in Tijuana, Mexico

  Non-arrestor Arrestor
n = 544 n = 500
n/median %/ IQR n/median %/ IQR Total % p-value
Sociodemographic
 Sex
  Men 471 51.0 452 49.0 923 88.5 0.064
  Women 72 60.0 48 40.0 120 11.5  
 Age 37 32–43 37 32–43 1041 100 0.984
 Education
  <High school 105 52.5 95 47.5 200 20.9 0.947
  = High School 302 51.6 283 48.4 585 61.1  
  >High school 91 52.9 81 47.1 172 18.0  
 Marital status
  Single/Never married 70 59.3 48 40.7 118 15.9 0.230
  Married/Common law 301 52.4 273 47.6 574 77.2  
  Separated/Divorced/Widowed 24 46.2 28 53.9 52 7.0  
Policing characteristics
 Years in law enforcement 10.5 6.8–16.3 10.5 5.8–17 975 100 0.991
 Number of times ever been stuck by a needle
  0 485 53.5 422 46.5 907 86.9 0.024
  1 38 48.7 40 51.3 78 7.5  
  2 or more 21 35.6 38 64.4 59 5.7  
 District of service
  Along Tijuana River Canal 153 37.9 251 62.1 404 38.7 < 0.001
  Elsewhere 391 61.1 249 38.9 640 61.3  
Attitudes towards drug use
 PWUD do not care about their health
  Disagree 45 60.0 30 40.0 75 7.2 0.275
  Agree 434 51.9 403 48.2 837 80.3  
  Neither agree nor disagree 63 48.5 67 51.5 130 12.5  
 Drug addiction is a disease
 Disagree 52 55.3 42 44.7 94 9.1 0.201
  Agree 452 51.1 433 48.9 885 86.1  
  Neither agree nor disagree 31 63.3 18 36.7 49 4.8  
 PWUD do not deserve to be treated as other people
  Disagree 413 53.9 354 46.2 767 74.0 0.148
  Agree 74 49.3 76 50.7 150 14.5  
  Neither agree nor disagree 54 45.0 66 55.0 120 11.6  
Interactions with PWUD
 Referrals of PWUD to social/health programsa
  Never/Rarely 379 69.7 246 49.3 625 59.9 < 0.001
  Always/Sometimes 165 30.3 253 50.7 418 40.1  
 Physical altercation with PWUDa
  Never/Rarely 356 65.6 199 40.0 555 53.4 < 0.001
  Always/Sometimes 187 34.4 298 60.0 485 46.6  
Knowledge of the law of syringe possession
 Can a person possess syringes under the law of Baja California, Mexico?
  No 156 29.7 180 37.9 336 33.6 0.006
  Yes 369 70.3 295 62.1 664 66.4  
  1. IQR Interquartile range, PWUD people who use drugs, athe question refers to the last 6 months, p < 0.05 are bolded
  2. Table 1 and Table 2 refer to PWUD, rather than PWID to accurately reflect the Escudo survey as it asks MPOs about attitudes towards PWUD and interactions with PWUD, rather than attitudes towards PWID or interactions with PWID