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Table 2 Odds of arresting for syringe possession among municipal police officers (n = 995)

From: Factors associated with extrajudicial arrest for syringe possession: results of a department-wide survey of municipal police in Tijuana, Mexico

  OR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Sociodemographic
 Sex (Ref: Women)
  Men 1.44 0.98 2.12 0.065 1.62 1.04 2.52 0.033
 Age 1.00 0.98 1.01 0.795     
 Education (Ref: <High School)
  = High School 1.04 0.75 1.43 0.831     
  > High School 0.98 0.65 1.48 0.938     
 Marital status (Ref: Single/Never married)
  Married/Common law 1.32 0.88 1.98 0.173     
  Separated/Divorced/Widowed 1.70 0.88 3.28 0.113     
Policing characteristic
 Years in law enforcement 1.00 0.98 1.01 0.806     
 Number of times ever been stuck by a needle         
  1 (Ref: 0) 1.21 0.76 1.92 0.420     
  2 or more 2.08 1.20 3.60 0.009     
 District of service (Ref: Elsewhere)
  Along Tijuana River Canal 2.58 1.99 3.33 < 0.001 2.85 2.16 3.77 < 0.001
Attitudes towards drug use
 PWUD do not care about their health
  Agree (Ref: Disagree) 1.39 0.86 2.25 0.177     
  Neither agree nor disagree 1.60 0.90 2.84 0.112     
 Drug addiction is a disease
  Agree (Ref: Disagree) 1.19 0.77 1.82 0.434     
  Neither agree nor disagree 0.72 0.35 1.46 0.362     
 PWUD do not deserve to be treated as other people
  Agree (Ref: Disagree) 1.20 0.84 1.70 0.311     
  Neither agree nor disagree 1.43 0.97 2.10 0.072     
Interactions with PWUD
 Referrals of PWUD to social/health programsa
  All the time/Sometimes (Ref: Never/Rarely) 2.36 1.83 3.04 < 0.001 1.97 1.48 2.61 < 0.001
 Physical altercation with PWUDa
  All the time/Sometimes (Ref: Never/Rarely) 2.85 2.22 3.67 < 0.001 2.83 2.14 3.74 < 0.001
Knowledge of the law of syringe possession
 Can a person possess syringes under the law of Baja California, Mexico? (Ref: No)
  Yes 0.69 0.53 0.90 0.006 0.61 0.46 0.82 < 0.001
  1. OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence intervals, Ref reference group, athe question refers to the last 6 months, PWUD people who use drugs, Significant variables at p < 0.05 are bolded