Skip to main content

Table 3 Codes, themes, and areas of inquiry

From: “We need good nutrition but we have no money to buy food”: sociocultural context, care experiences, and newborn health in two UNHCR-supported camps in South Sudan

Area of inquiry

Organizing theme



Family dynamics and the refugee experience

Preferred family size

Drivers of family size

Restrictions of refugee camp life

Birth spacing

Family decision making

Suspicion over injectable contraceptive


Nutrition and livelihoods

Limited livelihoods

Cuts in food aid

Cuts in supplementary feeding program for pregnant women


Material incentives and facility delivery

Incentives for facility delivery

Birth notification

Refusal of those ‘born on the way’

Barriers to facility delivery

Donkey-cart ambulance

Security fears

Fear of referral (unfamiliar environment, caesareans, male provider)

Ease and familiarity with home delivery

Shifting role of traditional birth attendant

New role of TBAs

TBA support in antenatal

TBA support in childbirth and postpartum

Attitudes of TBAs


Newborn feeding practices

Traditional practices


Mixed feeding

Changes since arriving in camp

Umbilical and thermal care

Lalobe seed ash/charcoal/oil for umbilicus

Thermal care practices

Kangaroo mother care

Care seeking for the newborn

Clinic care

Traditional remedies for the newborn